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Withdrawal of rats from chronic ethanol (2-5 g/kg, every 6 hr for 6 days) resulted in withdrawal symptomatology and dramatic fall in extracellular dopamine (DA) in the ventral striatum as measured by microdialysis. The changes in DA output paralleled the withdrawal symptomatology and both phenomena were reversed by a challenge ethanol dose (5 g/kg orally).(More)
The mesolimbic dopamine system has recently been implicated in the long-term aversive consequences of withdrawal from major drugs of abuse. In the present study we sought to determine whether mesolimbic dopamine neurons are involved in the neurobiologic mechanisms underlying withdrawal from chronic cannabinoid exposure. Rats were treated chronically with(More)
Activity of the mesolimbic dopaminergic system was investigated in rats withdrawn from chronic ethanol administration by single-cell extracellular recordings from dopaminergic neurons of the ventrotegmental area, coupled with antidromic identification from the nucleus accumbens, and by microdialysis-technique experiments in the nucleus accumbens.(More)
The intravenous administration of the psychoactive constituent of marijuana, delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) (62.5-1000 microg/kg), and the synthetic cannabinoid agonist WIN 55212,2 (WIN) (62.5-500 microg/kg), produced a dose-related increase in the firing rate and burst firing in the majority of antidromically identified meso-prefrontal(More)
The activity of mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons was investigated in rats at various times after a chronic regimen of morphine, which produced, upon suspension, a marked somatic withdrawal syndrome. Single-cell extracellular recording techniques, coupled with antidromic identification from the nucleus accumbens, were used to monitor neuronal activity while(More)
The spontaneous neuronal activity of meso-accumbens dopaminergic neurons was recorded in unanesthetized rats withdrawn from chronic morphine administration (15 days) by means of single cell extracellular recording techniques coupled with antidromic identification from the nucleus accumbens. Twenty-four h after last morphine administration, firing rate and(More)
The present study was designed to determine if cannabinoids share with other drugs of abuse the ability to stimulate mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons and if this effect is mediated by cannabinoid receptors. To this end, the effects of the prototypical cannabinoid, delta9 tetrahydrocannabinol ¿(-)-trans-(6aR,10aR)-6a,7,8,10a-tetrahydro-6,6,9-trimethyl-(More)
Ethanol (EtOH), the main psychoactive ingredient of alcoholic drinks, is widely considered to be responsible for alcohol abuse and alcoholism through its positive motivational properties, which depend, at least partially, on the activation of the mesolimbic dopaminergic system. However, acetaldehyde (ACD), the first metabolite of EtOH, has been classically(More)
Acetaldehyde (ACD) has been postulated to mediate some of the neurobehavioral effects of ethanol (EtOH). In this study we sought to evaluate whether the stimulatory effects of EtOH on mesolimbic dopamine (DA) transmission are affected by the administration of ACD-sequestering agent D-penicillamine (Dp). To this end we studied the effect of EtOH and ACD in(More)
Alcoholism involves long-term cognitive deficits, including memory impairment, resulting in substantial cost to society. Neuronal refinement and stabilization are hypothesized to confer resilience to poor decision making and addictive-like behaviors, such as excessive ethanol drinking and dependence. Accordingly, structural abnormalities are likely to(More)