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This review describes the advances in our understanding of the role of G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) localisation in membrane microdomains known as lipid rafts and caveolae. The growing interest in these specialised regions is due to the recognition that they are involved in the regulation of a number of cell functions, including the fine-tuning of(More)
BACKGROUND Oxytocin (OT) has been suggested as a treatment to improve social behavior in autistic patients. Accordingly, the OT (Oxt(-/-)) and the OT receptor null mice (Oxtr(-/-)) display autistic-like deficits in social behavior, increased aggression, and reduced ultrasonic vocalization. METHODS Oxtr(-/-) mice were characterized for general health,(More)
We have recently shown that oxytocin inhibits cell proliferation when the vast majority of oxytocin receptors are excluded from caveolin-1-enriched microdomains, and that, on the contrary, it has a mitogenic effect when the receptors are targeted to these plasma membrane domains. In this study, we investigated whether the receptors located inside and(More)
In this study, we investigated the functional role of the localization of human OTR in caveolin-1 enriched membrane domains. Biochemical fractionation of MDCK cells stably expressing the WT OTR-GFP indicated that only minor quantities of receptor are partitioned in caveolin-1 enriched domains. However, when fused to caveolin-2, the OTR protein proved to be(More)
Guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein)-linked receptors, the alpha-subunits of heterotrimeric G proteins and members of the Src family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases are among many polypeptides that are posttranslationally modified by the addition of palmitate, a long-chain fatty acid. Attachment of palmitate to these proteins is dynamic and may be(More)
The influence of pertussis toxin (PTX) injected intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v., 0.5 micrograms) on the analgesic effect induced in the rat by i.c.v. injection of morphine (5 micrograms) was studied. Morphine analgesia was unaffected 24 h after toxin administration, but there was a significant decrease after 6 days. Therefore a PTX-sensitive substrate,(More)
1 Intracerebroventricular administration of diazepam or midazolam decreased the antinociceptive effect of morphine in rats as measured by the "tail flick" method. 2 Midazolam, injected into the periaqueductal grey matter (PAG) antagonized the analgesic effect of morphine. The action of midazolam was partially reversed by bicuculline. 3 These findings(More)
Caveolae are cholesterol/sphingolipid-rich microdomains of the plasma membrane that have been implicated in signal transduction and vesicular trafficking. Caveolins are a family of caveolae-associated integral membrane proteins. Caveolin-1 and -2 show the widest range of expression, whereas caveolin-3 expression is restricted to muscle cell types. It has(More)
In the search for antidepressant agents with a rapid onset of action, we have found that compound BIMT 17 (1-[2-[4-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin1-yl]ethyl]benzimidazol-[1H]-2-one) shows a good affinity for cerebral cortical 5-HT1A (pK i = 7.72) and 5-HT2A (pK i = 6.90) receptors, with no appreciable affinity for the other 5-HT receptor subtypes,(More)
Many signaling molecules contain the consensus protein sequence Met-Gly at their N-termini that specifies N-myristoylation. Additionally, some of these proteins contain a cysteine at position-3 (Met-Gly-Cys) that can undergo palmitoylation. As many acylated proteins [G-protein subunits (alpha and beta gamma); c-Src and Src-family tyrosine kinases; H-Ras and(More)