Marco Daniele Parenti

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BACKGROUND Oxytocin (OT) has been suggested as a treatment to improve social behavior in autistic patients. Accordingly, the OT (Oxt(-/-)) and the OT receptor null mice (Oxtr(-/-)) display autistic-like deficits in social behavior, increased aggression, and reduced ultrasonic vocalization. METHODS Oxtr(-/-) mice were characterized for general health,(More)
Prolonged exposure of rats to the synthetic cannabinoid receptor ligand, CP-55,940 (0.4 mg/kg, i.p. for 11 days), induced tolerance to analgesia, to the reduction in spontaneous locomotor activity and the incidence of splayed hind limbs. One hour after the last injection on day 11, the rats were killed and in situ hybridization was used to investigate the(More)
Six days after intracerebroventricular pretreatment of rats with pertussis toxin (PTX 0.5 microgram/rat) there was a marked decrease in the antinociceptive effect of morphine, regardless of the route of opioid administration (into the periaqueductal gray matter, intrathecally or intraperitoneally) or the analgesic test used (tail flick and jaw opening(More)
The influence of pertussis toxin (PTX) injected intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v., 0.5 micrograms) on the analgesic effect induced in the rat by i.c.v. injection of morphine (5 micrograms) was studied. Morphine analgesia was unaffected 24 h after toxin administration, but there was a significant decrease after 6 days. Therefore a PTX-sensitive substrate,(More)
In the search for antidepressant agents with a rapid onset of action, we have found that compound BIMT 17 (1-[2-[4-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazin-1- yl]ethyl]benzimidazol-[1H]-2-one) shows a good affinity for cerebral cortical 5-HT1A (pKi = 7.72) and 5-HT2A (pKi = 6.90) receptors, with no appreciable affinity for the other 5-HT receptor subtypes,(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent stem cells endowed with neurotrophic potential combined with immunological properties, making them a promising therapeutic tool for neurodegenerative disorders. However, the mechanisms through which MSCs promote the neurological recovery following injury or inflammation are still largely(More)
Manganese chloride increased cell mortality when added to human fibroblast cultures. The toxicity of the metal was greatly enhanced by dopamine; this effect was antagonized by the presence in the culture medium of catalase and superoxide dismutase enzymes. Manganese chloride also caused a marked decrease of striatal dopamine concentrations when infused into(More)
Single, monolateral injection into rat substantia nigra of manganese chloride produced within two weeks from its administration a loss of dopamine in the striatum ipsilateral to the injected side. The effect was dose-dependent and was not extended to serotoninergic terminals present in this brain area, whose content in serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic(More)
In this paper, we show that caveolin-1 is abundantly present in a cell line of immortalized gonadotropin-releasing hormone-expressing neurons (GN11). In contrast to GN11, caveolin is undetectable in a cognate cell line of immortalized gonadotropin-releasing hormone-secreting neurons (GT1-7). These two cell lines are characterized by a radically different(More)
Unilateral degeneration of the nigro-striatal dopaminergic pathway with 6-hydroxydopamine induced contralateral rotations to apomorphine injection, increased [3H]-spiroperidol binding and enhanced sensitivity of adenylate cyclase to dopamine stimulation in lesioned striata. Prolonged L-DOPA administration counteracted the increased density of(More)