Marco Cosentino

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CD4+CD25+ regulatory T lymphocytes (Tregs) are specialized T cells playing a key role in the control of immune homeostasis. Here, we show that human Tregs constitutively express tyrosine hydroxylase (TH, EC 1.14.16.2), the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of catecholamines, and contain substantial amounts of dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine,(More)
A rapid and simple HPLC-ED method is described to identify and measure catecholamines (CTs) and their major metabolites in immune cells. Using this method, intracellular CTs were quantified in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), T and B lymphocytes, monocytes and granulocytes. Immune cell subsets were separated by density gradient(More)
Evidence has been obtained that peripheral blood mononuclear cells contain dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, and their metabolites. Pharmacologic inhibition of tyrosine hydroxylase or monoamine oxidase profoundly affected intracellular catecholamines (CTs) and their metabolites, indicating that these cells are able to synthesize and breakdown CTs. The(More)
Enteric ganglia can maintain integrated functions, such as the peristaltic reflex, in the absence of input from the central nervous system, which has a modulatory role. Several clinical and experimental observations suggest that homeostatic control of gut function in a changing environment may be achieved through adaptive changes occurring in the enteric(More)
Evidence is presented that human neutrophils contain catecholamines and several of their metabolites. In vitro, incubation with alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine or pargyline affects intracellular dopamine, norepinephrine and their metabolites, suggesting catecholamine synthesis and degradation by these cells. Reserpine reduces intracellular dopamine and(More)
BACKGROUND Discontinuation of treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and readministration in case of recurrence could improve quality of life (QoL) and reduce treatment costs for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) in which a complete remission (CR) is achieved by medical treatment alone or with additional resection of residual(More)
BACKGROUND The proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory role of the sympathetic nervous system in early and late inflammation is an unresolved paradox. A drastic loss of sympathetic nerve fibres in the synovial tissue of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has previously been demonstrated. The presence of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive cells in RA and(More)
Over the years, a vast literature has accumulated on the adrenergic mechanisms controlling gut motility, blood flow, and mucosal transport. The present review is intended as a survey of key information on the relevance of adrenergic mechanisms modulating gut motility and will provide an outline of our knowledge on the distribution and functional role of(More)
Treatment with statins requires close monitoring of serum creatine kinase (CK) levels to prevent myopathy, a common and potentially serious dose-dependent adverse effect of these drugs. We have investigated the correlation between elevated CK levels and polymorphisms in the genes encoding transporters involved in statin disposition. Patients with and(More)
Long term administration of anticonvulsants is sometimes associated with impairment of the humoral and/or cellular immune response. Furthermore, certain well known adverse reactions to antiepileptics may have an immunotoxicological origin e.g. lymphadenopathy, pseudolymphoma and systemic lupus erythematosus. However, two important questions remain(More)