Marco Colasanti

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In the body, nitric oxide (NO) is an important physiological regulator of functions such as vasodilatation and neurotransmission. Under pathological conditions, high concentrations of NO can be either beneficial(e.g. anti-bacterial, anti-parasitic and anti-viral) or detrimental; NO can therefore be considered a double-edged sword. When manipulating NO(More)
1. The role of the L-arginine-nitric oxide (NO) pathway on the formation of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) by human cultured astroglial cells incubated with interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) was investigated. 2. Incubation of T 67 astroglial cell line with IL-beta (10 ng ml(-1)) and TNF-alpha (500 u ml(-1)) produced a(More)
The reactive nitrogen species, nitric oxide (NO), plays an important role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. The suppression of NO production may be fundamental for survival of neurons. Here, we report that pretreatment of human ramified microglial cells with nearly physiological levels of exogenous NO prevents lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/tumor(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) regulates key aspects of cell metabolism through reversible inhibition of cytochrome c oxidase (CcOX), the terminal electron acceptor (complex IV) of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, in competition with oxygen. Recently, a constitutive mitochondrial NOS corresponding to a neuronal NOS-I isoform (mtNOS-I) has been identified in several(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), produced in different cell types through the conversion of L-arginine into L-citrulline by the enzyme NO synthase, has been proposed to exert its action in several physiological and pathological events. The great propensity for nitrosothiol formation and breakdown represents a mechanism which modulates the action of macromolecules(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is considered an important signaling molecule implied in different physiological processes, including nervous transmission, vascular regulation, immune defense, and in the pathogenesis of several diseases. The presence of NO is well demonstrated in all vertebrates. The recent data on the presence and roles of NO in the main invertebrate(More)
Chronic oxidative stress, which occurs in brain tissues of HIV-infected patients, is involved in the pathogenesis of HIV-associated dementia. Oxidative stress can be induced by HIV-1-secreted proteins, either directly or indirectly through the release of cytotoxic factors. In particular, HIV-1 Tat is able to induce neuronal death by interacting with and(More)
Previous results indicate that induction of inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) expression may be kept suppressed by the endogenous NO level as produced by a constitutive NOS (cNOS) enzyme. In cell types possessing both cNOS and iNOS, this may represent an evident paradox. Here, we report that lipopolysaccharide and interferon-gamma, which are able to(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a pluripotent regulatory molecule showing, among others, an antiparasitic activity. Moreover, NO inhibits cysteine proteinase action by nitrosylating the Cys catalytic residue. In the present study, the inhibitory effect of the substrate N-alpha-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-arginine-(7-amino-4-methyl coumarin) and of NO on the(More)