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We present here a brief description of the relationships among metals, nitric oxide metabolism, and ageing. In particular, we will discuss the interactions occurring between redox (copper, iron) and non-redox (zinc) metals and nitric oxide, the metal- and nitric oxide-catalyzed formation of thiol adducts (nitrosothiols, mixed disulphides) and the possible(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been reported to regulate NF-kappaB, one of the best-characterized transcription factors playing important roles in many cellular responses to a large variety of stimuli. NO has been suggested to induce or inhibit the activation of NF-kappaB, its effect depending, among others, on the cell type considered. In this review, the(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) regulates key aspects of cell metabolism through reversible inhibition of cytochrome c oxidase (CcOX), the terminal electron acceptor (complex IV) of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, in competition with oxygen. Recently, a constitutive mitochondrial NOS corresponding to a neuronal NOS-I isoform (mtNOS-I) has been identified in several(More)
This study shows that human ramified microglial cells derived from fetal brain primary cultures, are able to produce nitric oxide (NO). In fact, stimulation with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (1 microgram ml-1) or tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) (500 U ml-1) enhances nitrite release in cell supernatants, as determined by the Griess(More)
The effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA expression in human cultured ramified microglial cells was investigated. Using RT-PCR and Southern blot analysis, we found that bFGF prevented the iNOS gene expression as induced by LPS/TNF alpha. Also, bFGF dose-dependently inhibited nitrite levels in treated(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is considered an important signaling molecule implied in different physiological processes, including nervous transmission, vascular regulation, immune defense, and in the pathogenesis of several diseases. The presence of NO is well demonstrated in all vertebrates. The recent data on the presence and roles of NO in the main invertebrate(More)
Amyloid β (Aβ)-induced vascular dysfunction significantly contributes to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Aβ is known to impair endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity, thus inhibiting endothelial nitric oxide production (NO). In this study, we investigated Aβ-effects on heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) interaction with eNOS and Akt in(More)
Hydra feeding response is a very primitive olfactory-like behavior present in a multicellular organism. We investigated the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the induction and control of hydra feeding response. Under basal conditions, hydra specimens produce detectable amounts of nitrite (NO2-), the breakdown product of NO. When hydra were incubated with reduced(More)
The present study demonstrates that a NADPH/Ca2+-dependent nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity is present in the soluble and in the particulate fractions of fish caudal spinal cord homogenates, both activities being inhibited by calmodulin inhibitors (W7 and/or TFP) and by the NOS inhibitor L-NAME. Moreover, Western blot analysis using either anti-NOS I or(More)