Marco Ceccanti

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the cutaneous silent period (CSP), a spinal inhibitory reflex mainly mediated by A-delta fibres, in demyelinating and axonal polyneuropathy (PNP) and evaluate whether CSP parameters differ between patients with and without neuropathic pain. METHODS Eighty-four patients with demyelinating PNP, 178 patients with axonal PNP and 265(More)
The hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis and dopamine have a key role in transition from alcohol social use to addiction. The medial prefrontal cortex was shown to modulate dopaminergic activity and cortisol releasing factor (CRF) release in hypothalamic and extra-hypothalamic systems. The recent advancements in non-invasive neurostimulation technologies has(More)
INTRODUCTION To investigate cortical excitability and synaptic plasticity in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) using 5 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (5 Hz-rTMS) and to assess whether specific TMS parameters predict conversion time to Alzheimer's disease (AD). MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty aMCI patients (single- and multi-domain)(More)
Many studies have suggested possible relationships between the neurotrophins brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) and alcohol addiction. Previous reports demonstrated severe changes in these neurotrophins in the serum of alcohol dependent patients and during withdrawal. Alcohol dependence syndromes during consumption and/or(More)
BACKGROUND Polyphenols from olive are known to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. AIM The aim of this study was to study whether or not 10 consecutive days i.p. administration of a blend of olive (Olea europaea L.) polyphenols (10 mg/kg) containing mostly hydroxytyrosol could have an effect on cytokines playing important roles in(More)
Ethanol (EtOH) exposure during pregnancy induces cognitive and physiological deficits in the offspring. However, the role of paternal alcohol exposure (PAE) on offspring EtOH sensitivity and neurotrophins has not received much attention. The present study examined whether PAE may disrupt nerve growth factor (NGF) and/or brain-derived neurotrophic factor(More)
Alcohol dependence is a major public health problem worldwide. Brain and behavioral disruptions including changes in cognitive abilities are common features of alcohol addiction. Thus, the present study was aimed to investigate spatial learning and memory in 29 alcoholic men undergoing alcohol detoxification by using a virtual Morris maze task. As(More)
OBJECTIVES Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) due to prenatal ethanol consumption may induce long-lasting changes to the newborns affecting also the endocrine system and the nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling. Thus the aim of this study was to investigate in the thyroid, testis and adrenal glands of a FASD(More)
We investigated whether rapid changes in visual input or dark adaptation modify primary motor cortex (M1) excitability in healthy subjects. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), consisting of 10 stimuli delivered at 5 Hz at 120% of the resting motor threshold, was delivered over the M1 in 14 healthy volunteers. They were instructed to relax(More)
This retrospective study aimed to investigate the clinical features associated with deteriorated swallow in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients with spinal and bulbar onset, describe the modification of diet and liquid intake, and assess the impact of dysphagia on the use of riluzole. One hundred forty-five patients were observed periodically every(More)