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The paper reviews convergent evidence on the ability to attribute mental states to one's self and to others (i.e., theory of mind, ToM) in patients affected by the behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia (bv-FTD). This disease represents a particular challenge for researchers and clinicians, due to its insidious onset and ambiguous clinical features,(More)
The present study aims at clarifying the nature of the Theory of Mind (ToM) deficits associated with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). ToM is the ability to attribute mental states such as intentions and beliefs to others in order to understand and predict their behaviour and to behave accordingly. Several neuroimaging studies reported the prefrontal(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to report on Italian cases of dystonia treated by deep brain stimulation up to the end of 2005. METHODS Retrospective survey. Presentation of data collection among all Italian neurosurgical institutions. RESULTS Seven out of 123 Italian neurosurgical centres were enrolled. Sixty-nine patients were operated. According to(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the presence and the nature of cognitive impairment in a large sample of patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), and to identify clinical and demographic determinants of cognitive impairment in MS. METHODS 303 patients with MS and 279 healthy controls were administered the Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological tests(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by significant impairment in multiple cognitive domains. In recent years, the development of cognitive trainings in AD has received significant attention. In the present case study we designed a cognitive training program (GEO, Geographical Exercises for cognitive Optimization) based on(More)
Objective. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the link between the age of onset of mood disorders and the complexity of the personality traits. Methods. 209 patients with major depressive or manic/hypomanic episodes were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Axis I diagnoses and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III(More)
The clinical and electrophysiological observations in two cases of distal ulnar neuropathy from carpal ganglia are reported. In the first case, the ganglion was compressing the ulnar nerve just proximal to its division; in the second case, the ganglion was compressing the deep branch of the ulnar nerve just at its origin. In both cases, both axonal(More)
Chronic and life-threatening neurodegenerative diseases may be associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Therefore, the current study was an investigation of the prevalence of PTSD in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, and identification of significant determinants of PTSD. Two hundred thirty-two MS patients were consecutively recruited and(More)
The authors review the clinical course of 29 patients who underwent syringosubarachnoid shunting for syringomyelia. Twenty-two patients presented hindbrain-related syringomyelia; seven patients had non-hindbrain-related syringomyelia secondary to trauma (four cases) and to spinal arachnoiditis (three cases). The surgical technique is described in detail.(More)
A series of 32 patients with posterior fossa epidural hematoma treated after the introduction of computed tomography scanning between 1975 and March 1988 is presented. Sixteen patients harbored "pure" epidural hematomas, whereas 16 had other infratentorial or supratentorial traumatic lesions. Glasgow Coma Scale on admission was 7 or less in 10 patients,(More)