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A set of 17 coumarin and 2 chromone derivatives with known inhibitory activity toward monoamine oxidase (MAO) A and B were tested as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors. All compounds inhibited AChE with values in the micromolar range (3-100 microM). A kinetic study showed that most compounds acted as noncompetitive AChE inhibitors. This finding may be(More)
The design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of new aromatase (AR, CYP19) inhibitors bearing an imidazole ring linked to a 7-substituted coumarin scaffold at position 4 (or 3) are reported. Many compounds exhibited an aromatase inhibitory potency in the nanomolar range along with a high selectivity over 17-α-hydroxylase/C17-20 lyase (CYP17).(More)
Amyloid aggregation is linked to a number of neurodegenerative syndromes, the most prevalent one being Alzheimer's disease. In this pathology, the beta-amyloid peptides (Abeta) aggregate into oligomers, protofibrils, and fibrils and eventually into plaques, which constitute the characteristic hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. Several low-molecular-weight(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) onset and progression are associated with the dysregulation of multiple and complex physiological processes and a successful therapeutic approach should therefore address more than one target. Two new chemical entities, the easily accessible heterocyclic scaffolds 1,3-diphenylbenzo[e][1,2,4]triazin-7(1H)-one (benzotriazinone I) and(More)
A molecular library of quaternary ammonium salts (QASs), mainly composed of symmetrical bis-quaternary heterocyclic bromides exhibiting choline kinase (ChoK) inhibitory activity, were evaluated for their ability to inhibit acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase (AChE and BChE, respectively). The molecular framework of QASs consisted of two positively charged(More)
A large series of coumarin derivatives (71 compounds) were tested for their monoamine oxidase A and B (MAO-A and MAO-B) inhibitory activity. Most of the compounds acted preferentially on MAO-B with IC(50) values in the micromolar to low-nanomolar range; high inhibitory activities toward MAO-A were also measured for sulfonic acid esters. The most active(More)
The ASCT2 transport system catalyses a sodium-dependent antiport of glutamine and other neutral amino acids which is involved in amino acid metabolism. A library of 1,2,3-dithiazoles was designed, synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of the glutamine/amino acid ASCT2 transporter in the model system of proteoliposomes reconstituted with the rat liver(More)
Soluble and toxic oligomers of amyloid beta (A beta) protein have been identified as the true neurotoxic species involved in Alzheimer's disease and considering them as targets to inhibit A beta aggregation might have a therapeutic value. We previously set up a CE method that enables the separation and quantification of transient oligomers of A beta(More)
Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) are currently the drugs of choice, although only symptomatic and palliative, for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Donepezil is one of most used AChEIs in AD therapy, acting as a dual binding site, reversible inhibitor of AChE with high selectivity over butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). Through a combined(More)
Biological screening of (hetero)aromatic compounds allowed the identification of some novel inhibitors of Abeta(1-40) aggregation, bearing indane and indole rings as common scaffolds. Molecular decoration of lead compounds led to inhibitors exhibiting a potency, measured by the Thioflavin T fluorimetric assay, ranging from high to low micromolar IC(50). The(More)