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A number of mono- and bis-quaternary ammonium salts, containing edrophonium-like and coumarin moieties tethered by an appropriate linker, proved to be highly potent and selective dual binding site acetylcholinesterase inhibitors with good selectivity over butyrylcholinesterase. Homobivalent bis-quaternary inhibitors 11 and 12, differing by only one(More)
A number of condensed pyridazines and pyrimidines were synthesized and tested for their monoamine oxidase-A (MAO-A) and MAO-B inhibitory activity. Their lipophilicity was examined by measuring partition coefficients and RP-HPLC capacity factors, revealing some peculiar electronic and conformational effects. Further insights were obtained by X-ray(More)
A molecular library of quaternary ammonium salts (QASs), mainly composed of symmetrical bis-quaternary heterocyclic bromides exhibiting choline kinase (ChoK) inhibitory activity, were evaluated for their ability to inhibit acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase (AChE and BChE, respectively). The molecular framework of QASs consisted of two positively charged(More)
A set of 17 coumarin and 2 chromone derivatives with known inhibitory activity toward monoamine oxidase (MAO) A and B were tested as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors. All compounds inhibited AChE with values in the micromolar range (3-100 microM). A kinetic study showed that most compounds acted as noncompetitive AChE inhibitors. This finding may be(More)
Amyloid aggregation is linked to a number of neurodegenerative syndromes, the most prevalent one being Alzheimer's disease. In this pathology, the beta-amyloid peptides (Abeta) aggregate into oligomers, protofibrils, and fibrils and eventually into plaques, which constitute the characteristic hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. Several low-molecular-weight(More)
On the pattern of the potent and selective butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitors ethopropazine and Astra1397, sets of quinolizidinyl derivatives of bi- and tricyclic (hetero)aromatic systems were studied as dual, or BChE-selective inhibitors. All compounds exhibited activity against both cholinesterases, but inhibition of BChE was generally stronger, with(More)
The socioeconomic burden of multi-factorial pathologies, such as neurodegenerative diseases (NDs), is enormous worldwide. Unfortunately, no proven disease-modifying therapy is available yet and in most cases (e.g., Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease) the approved drugs exert only palliative and symptomatic effects. Nowadays, an emerging strategy for the(More)
Soluble and toxic oligomers of amyloid beta (A beta) protein have been identified as the true neurotoxic species involved in Alzheimer's disease and considering them as targets to inhibit A beta aggregation might have a therapeutic value. We previously set up a CE method that enables the separation and quantification of transient oligomers of A beta(More)
The design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of new aromatase (AR, CYP19) inhibitors bearing an imidazole ring linked to a 7-substituted coumarin scaffold at position 4 (or 3) are reported. Many compounds exhibited an aromatase inhibitory potency in the nanomolar range along with a high selectivity over 17-α-hydroxylase/C17-20 lyase (CYP17).(More)
A large series of coumarin derivatives (71 compounds) were tested for their monoamine oxidase A and B (MAO-A and MAO-B) inhibitory activity. Most of the compounds acted preferentially on MAO-B with IC(50) values in the micromolar to low-nanomolar range; high inhibitory activities toward MAO-A were also measured for sulfonic acid esters. The most active(More)