Marco Bremer

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BACKGROUND Itching (pruritus) following burns is a well-known clinical problem. However, there are no long-term prospective studies that document the course and the extent of the problem. Studies on risk factors are anecdotal. OBJECTIVES To study self-reported itching in a multicentre cohort among adults with burns at 3, 12 and 24 months postburn.(More)
Changing daily wound dressings provokes a substantial amount of pain in patients with severe burn wounds. Pharmacological analgesics alone often are inadequate to solve this problem. This study explored whether immersive virtual reality (VR) can reduce the procedural pain and anxiety during an entire wound care session and compared VR to the effects of(More)
Pain measurement is a prerequisite for individualized pain management and research into pain interventions. There is a need for reliable and valid pain measures for young children with burns. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the pain observation scale for young children (POCIS), the COMFORT behaviour scale (COMFORT-B) and the nurse(More)
The current study explored whether immersive virtual reality (VR) continues to reduce pain (via distraction) during more than one wound care session per patient. Thirty-six patients aged 8 to 57 years (mean age, 27.7 years), with an average of 8.4% TBSA burned (range, 0.25-25.5 TBSA) received bandage changes, and wound cleaning. Each patient received one(More)
Pruritus is a frequently encountered symptom following burns. Higher intensity of itching has been associated with depth of the wounds and specific body locations but these differences are not well understood. Our aim was to investigate the intensity of post burn pruritus in grafted and non-grafted burns across anatomic areas and to report on itch-inducing(More)
To evaluate the adequacy of pain management in burn care, pain measurement is essential. The visual analogue thermometer (VAT) and graphic numeric rating scale (GNRS) are frequently used self-report instruments for burn pain. To legitimise their interchangeable use in research and practice, we aimed to compare self-reports obtained by the VAT and GNRS, the(More)
In this study, construct validity of 2 pain behaviour observation measurement instruments for young children aged 1 to 56 months (mean age was 20 months) with burns is assessed by using Rasch analysis. The Rasch model, wherein data should meet the model expectations, assumes that an instrument measures one unidimensional construct, and focuses on the items(More)
Little evidence is available on the extent, course and influencing factors of pain in young children with burns. At present, reliable and valid measurement instruments to assess pain behavior in these children are available, implying that valuable insight into these questions can now be obtained. The aim of this study is to document the extent and course of(More)
The aim of this study was to assess if the pain observation scale for young children (POCIS) and the visual analogue scale (VAS) are reliable and valid instruments to measure procedural and background pain in burned children aged 0-4 years. Burn care nurses (n=73) rated pain from 24 fragments of videotaped children during wound care procedures and during(More)
BACKGROUND Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important parameter after medical treatments. Knowledge of (predictors of) diminished quality of life can help improve medical outcome. The aim of this study was to quantify health loss in patients with burns and to assess the contribution of injury extent, age, gender, and psychologic factors to HRQOL(More)
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