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In vitro cultured neuronal networks coupled to microelectrode arrays (MEAs) constitute a valuable experimental model for studying changes in the neuronal dynamics at different stages of development. After a few days in culture, neurons start to connect each other with functionally active synapses, forming a random network and displaying spontaneous(More)
Corpus callosum (CC) is involved in the performance of bimanual motor tasks. We asked whether its functional role could be investigated by combining a motor behavioral study on bimanual movements in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with a quantitative magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) analysis of CC, which is shown to be damaged in this(More)
We have previously shown in normal subjects that motor adaptation to imposed visual rotation is significantly enhanced when tested few days later. This occurs through a process of sleep-dependent memory consolidation. Here we ascertained whether patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) learn, improve, and retain new motor skills in the same way as normal(More)
BACKGROUND Freezing of gait (FOG) is a disabling impairment for people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and may not respond to medications. The effectiveness of physical therapy for FOG is debatable. Action observation strategies to overcome FOG may enhance physical training. OBJECTIVE To assess whether action observation, combined with practicing the(More)
Balance control depends on the interaction of multiple inputs originating from different sensory systems. Here, we investigated the effect on quiet human stance of changing the visual condition prior to a proprioceptive perturbation produced by vibration of dorsal neck muscles. In complete absence of visual references, the amplitude of the postural(More)
BACKGROUND Action observation influences motor performance in healthy subjects and persons with motor impairments. OBJECTIVE To understand the effects of action observation on the spontaneous rate of finger movements in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS Participants, 20 with PD and 14 healthy controls, were randomly divided into 2 groups.(More)
Several investigations suggest that actual and mental actions trigger similar neural substrates. Motor learning via physical practice results in long-term potentiation (LTP)-like plasticity processes, namely potentiation of M1 and a temporary occlusion of additional LTP-like plasticity. However, whether this neuroplasticity process contributes to improve(More)
Neck muscle vibration was applied to human subjects to assess the influences of neck abnormal proprioceptive input on the organization and execution of gait. Subjects walked blindfolded to a previously seen target, located straight ahead at ~4 m. Vibration was applied on the right side of the neck, both during and before walking. The variables measured were(More)
To analyse the effect of concomitant cognitive or motor task performance on balance control in Parkinson's disease (PD), we performed a posturographic study in 24 PD patients and in 20 sex- and age-matched control subjects. Postural sway was measured with eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC) during quiet stance and during performance of calculation or motor(More)
Unilateral long-lasting vibration was applied to the sternomastoid muscle to assess the influence of asymmetric neck proprioceptive input on body orientation during stepping-in-place. Blindfolded subjects performed 3 sequences of 3 trials, each lasting 60 s: control, vibration applied during stepping (VDS), and vibration applied before stepping (VBS). VDS(More)