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In vitro cultured neuronal networks coupled to microelectrode arrays (MEAs) constitute a valuable experimental model for studying changes in the neuronal dynamics at different stages of development. After a few days in culture, neurons start to connect each other with functionally active synapses, forming a random network and displaying spontaneous(More)
We have previously shown in normal subjects that motor adaptation to imposed visual rotation is significantly enhanced when tested few days later. This occurs through a process of sleep-dependent memory consolidation. Here we ascertained whether patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) learn, improve, and retain new motor skills in the same way as normal(More)
Corpus callosum (CC) is involved in the performance of bimanual motor tasks. We asked whether its functional role could be investigated by combining a motor behavioral study on bimanual movements in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with a quantitative magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) analysis of CC, which is shown to be damaged in this(More)
Balance control depends on the interaction of multiple inputs originating from different sensory systems. Here, we investigated the effect on quiet human stance of changing the visual condition prior to a proprioceptive perturbation produced by vibration of dorsal neck muscles. In complete absence of visual references, the amplitude of the postural(More)
BACKGROUND Freezing of gait (FOG) is a disabling impairment for people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and may not respond to medications. The effectiveness of physical therapy for FOG is debatable. Action observation strategies to overcome FOG may enhance physical training. OBJECTIVE To assess whether action observation, combined with practicing the(More)
Several investigations suggest that actual and mental actions trigger similar neural substrates. Motor learning via physical practice results in long-term potentiation (LTP)-like plasticity processes, namely potentiation of M1 and a temporary occlusion of additional LTP-like plasticity. However, whether this neuroplasticity process contributes to improve(More)
Neck muscle vibration was applied to human subjects to assess the influences of neck abnormal proprioceptive input on the organization and execution of gait. Subjects walked blindfolded to a previously seen target, located straight ahead at ~4 m. Vibration was applied on the right side of the neck, both during and before walking. The variables measured were(More)
To analyse the effect of concomitant cognitive or motor task performance on balance control in Parkinson's disease (PD), we performed a posturographic study in 24 PD patients and in 20 sex- and age-matched control subjects. Postural sway was measured with eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC) during quiet stance and during performance of calculation or motor(More)
With a series of novel arm-reaching tasks, we have shown that visuomotor sequence learning encompasses the acquisition of the order of sequence elements, and the ability to combine them in a single, skilled behavior. The first component, which is mostly declarative, is reflected by changes in movement onset time (OT); the second, which occurs without(More)
The effect of a strenuous treadmill exercise on body stability and the mechanisms associated with it have been studied with two different experimental protocols. The former investigation was based on stabilometric and metabolic measurements performed in basal condition and after a strenuous treadmill exercise whilst the latter dealt with the study of the(More)