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We have evaluated the influence of speed of intrathecal injection on lateral distribution of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine. We studied 60 patients undergoing lower limb surgery who were placed in the lateral position with the operative side in the dependent position. After dural puncture (25-gauge Whitacre spinal needle), the needle aperture was turned(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular function was assessed in 20 ASA I-II patients, scheduled for elective orthopaedic surgery with tourniquet in order to compare the haemodynamic changes induced by unilateral spinal anaesthesia and combined sciatico-femoral nerve block. METHODS After baseline measurement of cardiovascular parameters, patients were randomized to(More)
BACKGROUND A low dose of hyperbaric local anaesthetic solution, pencil point needle and slow speed of intrathecal injection have been reported to obtain a unilateral distribution of spinal anaesthesia. This should also minimize cardiovascular effects of spinal block. The aim of this prospective, randomized, parallel group study was to evaluate cardiac(More)
We describe a case of transient neurological deficit that occurred after unilateral spinal anaesthesia with 8 mg of 1% hyperbaric bupivacaine slowly injected through a 25-gauge pencil-point spinal needle. The surgery and anaesthesia were uneventful, but 3 days after surgery, the patient reported an area of hypoaesthesia over L3-L4 dermatomes of the leg(More)
BACKGROUND The deployment of an ablation line connecting the left inferior PV to the mitral annulus (mitral isthmus line [MIL]) enhances the efficacy of pulmonary vein disconnection (PVD) in preventing atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrences. OBJECTIVES To investigate the long-term effect of the additional linear lesion in a prospective randomized study. (More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare the onset time and duration of epidural anesthesia, and the quality of postoperative analgesia produced by levobupivacaine, racemic bupivacaine, and ropivacaine. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. SETTING Inpatient anesthesia at a University Hospital. PATIENTS 45 ASA physical status I, II, and III(More)
Ketamine acts mainly as a N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAr) antagonist. Originally developed as a general anesthetic, it is now seldom employed as such in richer countries due to the relatively high risk of psychotomimetic adverse effects. Recently, low-dose regimens in the range of 0.25-0.5 mg/kg as an initial bolus followed by 50-500 kappag/kg/h have(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to evaluate the effects of adding 1 microg. kg-1 fentanyl to ropivacaine 7.5 mg. ml-1 for axillary brachial plexus anaesthesia. METHODS With Ethics Committee approval and written consent, 30 ASA physical status I-II in-patients, scheduled for orthopaedic hand procedures were(More)
Although a wealth of evidence exists on effective postoperative pain (POP) treatment, surgical patients still suffer from inadequate analgesic regimens, and outcomes have been shown to improve only within the context of tightly controlled, randomized trials. The pathophysiology of pain seems to suggest that analgesic regimens aimed at inhibition of(More)
PURPOSE The haemodynamic effects of crystalloid preload were evaluated in a randomised blind study in 20 ASA status I-II, 50-80 yr-old patients, undergoing unilateral spinal anaesthesia for leg surgery produced with low doses of hyperbaric bupivacaine. METHODS Baseline non-invasive blood pressure (oscillometry), heart rate, stroke volume and cardiac index(More)