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We propose a metric to quantify correlations between earthquakes. The metric consists of a product involving the time interval and spatial distance between two events, as well as the magnitude of the first one. According to this metric, events typically are strongly correlated to only one or a few preceding ones. Thus a classification of events as(More)
Systems out of equilibrium, in stationary as well as in nonstationary regimes, display a linear response to energy impulses simply expressed as the sum of two specific temporal correlation functions. There is a natural interpretation of these quantities. The first term corresponds to the correlation between observable and excess entropy flux yielding a(More)
Part of Special Issue " Seismicity pattern dynamics " Abstract. We invoke a metric to quantify the correlation between any two earthquakes. This provides a simple and straightforward alternative to using space-time windows to detect aftershock sequences and obviates the need to distinguish main shocks from aftershocks. Directed networks of earthquakes are(More)
There remains a useful relation between diffusion and mobility for a Langevin particle in a periodic medium subject to nonconservative forces. The usual fluctuation-dissipation relation easily gets modified and the mobility matrix is no longer proportional to the diffusion matrix, with a correction term depending explicitly on the (nonequilibrium) forces.(More)
For a model of DNA denaturation, exponents describing the distributions of denaturated loops and unzipped end segments are determined by exact enumeration and by Monte Carlo simulations in two and three dimensions. The loop distributions are consistent with first-order thermal denaturation in both cases. Results for end segments show a coexistence of two(More)
The distance distribution between complementary base pairs of the two strands of a DNA molecule is studied near the melting transition. Scaling arguments are presented for a generalized Poland-Scheraga-type model that includes self-avoiding interactions. At the transition temperature and for a large distance r, the distribution decays as 1/r(kappa) with(More)
considered a model of DNA denaturation in which excluded volume effects within each strand are neglected, while mutual avoidance is included. Using an approximate scheme they found a first order denaturation. We show that a first order transition for this model follows from exact results for the statistics of two mutually avoiding random walks, whose(More)
A generalized fluctuation-response relation is found for thermal systems driven out of equilibrium. Its derivation is independent of many details of the dynamics, which is only required to be first order. The result gives a correction to the equilibrium fluctuation-dissipation theorem, in terms of the correlation between observable and excess in dynamical(More)
The prion-forming C-terminal domain of the fungal prion HET-s forms infectious amyloid fibrils at physiological pH. The conformational switch from the nonprion soluble form to the prion fibrillar form is believed to have a functional role, as HET-s in its prion form participates in a recognition process of different fungal strains. On the basis of the(More)
We consider a particle dragged through a medium at constant temperature as described by a Langevin equation with a time-dependent potential. The time dependence is specified by an external protocol. We give conditions on potential and protocol under which the fluctuations of the dissipative work satisfy an exact symmetry for all times. We also present(More)