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Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) regulates cell growth and differentiation. Since it is abundant in bone, we have studied the effect of the polypeptide upon the growth and phenotypic expression of murine osteoblastic cells in monolayer culture. Its actions were compared to those of epidermal growth factor (EGF), another hormonally active(More)
Mice lacking the proto-oncogene c-fos develop the bone disease osteopetrosis. Fos mutant mice were found to have a block in the differentiation of bone-resorbing osteoclasts that was intrinsic to hematopoietic cells. Bone marrow transplantation rescued the osteopetrosis, and ectopic c-fos expression overcame this differentiation block. The lack of Fos also(More)
Replication-deficient human adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) can be produced to high titers in complementing cell lines, such as PER.C6, and is widely used as a vaccine and gene therapy vector. However, preexisting immunity against Ad5 hampers consistency of gene transfer, immunological responses, and vector-mediated toxicities. We report the identification of human(More)
The op/op variant of murine osteopetrosis is a recessive mutation characterized by impaired bone resorption due to lack of osteoclasts. Cultured osteoblasts and fibroblasts from this mutant do not secrete M-CSF activity and resident macrophages are absent in bone marrow. This failure has been related to a mutation within the M-CSF coding region. We report(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) counteracts the physiological epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a process that is indicative of epithelial plasticity. Because EMT is involved in cancer, we investigated whether BMP7 plays a role in breast cancer growth and metastasis. In this study, we show that decreased BMP7 expression in primary breast(More)
Bone morphogenic protein 7 (BMP7) counteracts physiological epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, a process that is indicative of epithelial plasticity. Because epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition is involved in cancer, we investigated whether BMP7 plays a role in prostate cancer growth and metastasis. BMP7 expression in laser-microdissected primary human(More)
BACKGROUND Tumour cells with a stem cell-like phenotype have recently been identified in prostate tumors and it has been suggested that this population may be responsible for the diversity of cell types within tumors and also for the initiation of metastases. These cells carry a number of defined markers: they are cd133 and cd44+ve and express high levels(More)
Invasion of the mineralized matrix by endothelial cells and osteoclasts is a key event in endochondral bone formation. To examine the putative role of osteoclast activity in the angiogenic process, we used two in vivo models of suppressed bone resorption: mice treated with the bisphosphonate clodronate and in osteoclast-deficient, osteopetrotic mice.(More)
Few studies have analysed newborns' crying behaviour in relation to the communicative context. In the present study, duration, latency and dysphony of newborns' cry were analysed in three different communicative conditions: absent, continuous and discontinuous tactile communication. Thirty newborns were randomly assigned to three tactile communicative(More)
Bisphosphonates (BP) are powerful inhibitors of bone resorption. Their mechanism of action, although still unclear, is now believed to be at the cellular level. In this study we investigated the effects of these compounds on proliferation, induced either by L-cell conditioned medium (CSF-1) or 4-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) of bone marrow cells(More)