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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cannabidiol (CBD) and Δ(9) -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) interact with transient receptor potential (TRP) channels and enzymes of the endocannabinoid system. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH The effects of 11 pure cannabinoids and botanical extracts [botanical drug substance (BDS)] from Cannabis varieties selected to contain a more abundant(More)
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) represents one of the major determinants of metabolic disorders. We investigated potential changes in the endogenous levels of anandamide (AEA), 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), N-oleoylethanolamine (OEA) and N-palmitoylethanolamine (PEA) in some peripheral organs and tissues of obese Zucker(fa/fa) and lean Zucker(fa/+) rats(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Prostamides are lipid mediators formed by COX-2-catalysed oxidation of the endocannabinoid anandamide and eliciting effects often opposed to those caused by anandamide. Prostamides may be formed when hydrolysis of anandamide by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is physiologically, pathologically or pharmacologically decreased. Thus,(More)
The cannabinoid CB2 receptor, which is activated by the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol (2-AG), protects striatal neurons from apoptotic death caused by the local administration of malonate, a rat model of Huntington's disease (HD). In the present study, we investigated whether endocannabinoids provide tonic neuroprotection in this HD model, by(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The development of potent and selective inhibitors of the biosynthesis of the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) via DAG lipases (DAGL) α and β is just starting to be considered as a novel and promising source of pharmaceuticals for the treatment of disorders that might benefit from a reduction in endocannabinoid tone, such(More)
The complex etiology of Alzheimer's disease prompts scientists to develop multi-target strategies to combat causes and symptoms. In line with this modern paradigm and as a follow-up to our previous studies, we designed and synthesized a focused collection of new 2-arylbenzofurans and evaluated their biological properties towards specific targets involved in(More)
We synthesized new N-phenylethyl-1H-indole-2-carboxamides as the first SAR study of allosteric modulators of the CB(1) receptor. The presence of the carboxamide functionality was required in order to obtain a stimulatory effect. The maximum stimulatory activity on CB(1) was exerted by carboxamides 13 (EC(50) = 50 nM) and 21 (EC(50) = 90 nM) bearing a(More)
Biosynthesis Inhibition: O-5596, a new inhibitor of the biosynthesis of the endocannabinoid, 2-arachidonoylglycerol, was synthesized and found to be potent (IC(50)=100 nM) and selective versus other proteins and enzymes of the endocannabinoid system in vitro and active in vivo at reducing food intake in mice.
To investigate the possible interactions between kavalactone-based molecules and proteins of the endocannabinoid system and provide novel and synthetically accessible structural scaffolds for the design of cannabinoid receptor ligands sharing pharmacological properties with kavapyrones, a preliminary SAR analysis was performed on five commercially available(More)
CB2 receptor belongs to the large family of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) controlling a wide variety of signal transduction. The recent crystallographic determination of human β2 adrenoreceptor and its high sequence similarity with human CB2 receptor (hCB2) prompted us to compute a theoretical model of hCB2 based also on β2 adrenoreceptor coordinates.(More)