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Multiple convergent supergene evolution events in mating-type chromosomes
Convergent adaptation provides unique insights into the predictability of evolution and ultimately into processes of biological diversification. Supergenes (beneficial gene linkage) are strikingExpand
Evidence for maintenance of sex determinants but not of sexual stages in red yeasts, a group of early diverged basidiomycetes
BackgroundThe red yeasts are an early diverged group of basidiomycetes comprising sexual and asexual species. Sexuality is based on two compatible mating types and sexual identity is determined byExpand
A Deviation from the Bipolar-Tetrapolar Mating Paradigm in an Early Diverged Basidiomycete
In fungi, sexual identity is determined by specialized genomic regions called MAT loci which are the equivalent to sex chromosomes in some animals and plants. Usually, only two sexes or mating typesExpand
Identification of Mating Type Genes in the Bipolar Basidiomycetous Yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides: First Insight into the MAT Locus Structure of the Sporidiobolales
ABSTRACT Rhodosporidium toruloides is a heterothallic, bipolar, red yeast that belongs to the Sporidiobolales, an order within a major lineage of basidiomycetes, the Pucciniomycotina. In contrast toExpand
Parallels have been drawn between the evolution of nonrecombining regions in fungal mating‐type chromosomes and animal and plant sex chromosomes, particularly regarding the stages of recombinationExpand
Evolution of Mating Systems in Basidiomycetes and the Genetic Architecture Underlying Mating-Type Determination in the Yeast Leucosporidium scottii
In most fungi, sexual reproduction is bipolar; that is, two alternate sets of genes at a single mating-type (MAT) locus determine two mating types. However, in the Basidiomycota, a uniqueExpand
Evolutionary strata on young mating-type chromosomes despite the lack of sexual antagonism
Significance Sex chromosomes can display divergent evolution, as seen in humans, in which the Y chromosome underlying maleness is smaller and contains much less information than the X chromosome. TheExpand
Fungal Sex: The Basidiomycota.
Fungi of the Basidiomycota, representing major pathogen lineages and mushroom-forming species, exhibit diverse means to achieve sexual reproduction, with particularly varied mechanisms to determineExpand
Comparative genomics provides new insights into the diversity, physiology, and sexuality of the only industrially exploited tremellomycete: Phaffia rhodozyma
BackgroundThe class Tremellomycete (Agaricomycotina) encompasses more than 380 fungi. Although there are a few edible Tremella spp., the only species with current biotechnological use is theExpand
The Evolution of Sexual Reproduction and the Mating-Type Locus: Links to Pathogenesis of Cryptococcus Human Pathogenic Fungi.
Cryptococcus species utilize a variety of sexual reproduction mechanisms, which generate genetic diversity, purge deleterious mutations, and contribute to their ability to occupy myriad environmentalExpand