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Here we present a study on the impact of assumptions on image-based hemodynamic simulations of healthy carotid bifurcations. In particular, we evaluate to which extent assumptions on blood rheology influence bulk flow features, driven by the fact that few studies have provided adequate insights into the influence of assumptions to confidently model the 4D(More)
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models have become very effective tools for predicting the flow field within the carotid bifurcation, and for understanding the relationship between local hemodynamics, and the initiation and progression of vascular wall pathologies. As prescribing proper boundary conditions can affect the solutions of the equations(More)
The performance of porous scaffolds for tissue engineering (TE) applications is evaluated, in general, in terms of porosity, pore size and distribution, and pore tortuosity. These descriptors are often confounding when they are applied to characterize transport phenomena within porous scaffolds. On the contrary, permeability is a more effective parameter in(More)
The purpose of this study is to investigate how the imposition of personalized, non-invasively measured blood flow rates as boundary conditions (BCs) influences image-based computational hemodynamic studies in the human aorta. We extracted from 4D phase-contrast MRI acquisitions of a healthy human (1) the geometry of the thoracic aorta with supra-aortic(More)
Microtubules are supramolecular structures that make up the cytoskeleton and strongly affect the mechanical properties of the cell. Within the cytoskeleton filaments, the microtubule (MT) exhibits by far the highest bending stiffness. Bending stiffness depends on the mechanical properties and intermolecular interactions of the tubulin dimers (the MT(More)
The distribution of arterial lesions is attributed by the prevalent mechanistic theory to the proatherogenic role played by low and oscillatory wall shear stress (WSS). However, discrepancies observed when comparing WSS distribution with location of regions with lesion prevalence challenge this theory and have recently stimulated the idea that a role in(More)
In this article, we present a computational multiscale model for the characterization of subcellular proteins. The model is encoded inside a simulation tool that builds coarse-grained (CG) force fields from atomistic simulations. Equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations on an all-atom model of the actin filament are performed. Then, using the statistical(More)
Alpha-actinin is a cytoskeleton-binding protein involved in the assembly and regulation of the actin filaments. In this work molecular dynamics method was applied to investigate the mechanical behaviour of the human skeletal muscle alpha-actinin. Five configurations were unfolded at an elongation speed of 0.1 nm/ps in order to investigate the conformational(More)
The actin microfilament (F-actin) is a structural and functional component of the cell cytoskeleton. Notwithstanding the primary role it plays for the mechanics of the cell, the mechanical behaviour of F-actin is still not totally explored. In particular, the relationship between the mechanics of F-actin and its molecular architecture is not completely(More)
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western World. The inability of fully differentiated, load-bearing cardiovascular tissues to in vivo regenerate and the limitations of the current treatment therapies greatly motivate the efforts of cardiovascular tissue engineering to become an effective clinical strategy for(More)