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In this review paper we would like to summarized the current knowledge concerning the  pathogenesis and treatment of ischemic nephropathy. Epidemiological data suggest that the prevalence of ischemic nephropathy increases, especially among older individuals. The pathogenesis of this disease is more complex than just narrowing of the renal artery due to(More)
Angiotensin II accelerates and renin-angiotensin system blockade halts progression; blockade with high doses even reverses established glomerulosclerosis. Aldosterone also accelerates progression of glomerulosclerosis, partially independently of angiotensin II. The purpose of this study was to assess the relative ability of an angiotensin receptor type 1(More)
AIMS Patients with renal failure develop cardiovascular alterations which contribute to the higher rate of cardiac death. Blockade of the renin angiotensin system ameliorates the development of such changes. It is unclear, however, to what extent ACE-inhibitors can also reverse existing cardiovascular alterations. Therefore, we investigated the effect of(More)
On September 6, 2001, Professor Fernando Valderrabano (Hospital Gregorio Marañon, Madrid) died at the age of 59 years. He was a leading figure in Spanish nephrology, a full professor of Medicine/Nephrology at the University Complutense of Madrid, and an outstanding scientist who published more than 300 articles in medical journals. He was a very intelligent(More)
TNF-α is one of the key proinflammatory cytokines in pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). TNF-α was also found to enhance synthesis of leptin. Leptin is mainly adipocyte-derived hormone controlling appetite and energy expenditure. It acts through inhibition of neuropeptide Y secretion. It is possible that TNF-α-induced leptin secretion contributes to(More)
PURPOSE Prevalence of depression is high in patients with chronic kidney disease. Depression is associated with increased mortality and the higher rate of suicides in these patients. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms in haemodialyzed patients in Upper Silesia region of Poland and the possible role of inflammation in(More)
This review summarizes the available evidence concerning the relationship between renal dysfunction and cardiovascular risk in non-diabetic patients. Based on numerous studies, there remains no more doubt today, that even minor renal dysfunction, as reflected by microalbuminuria and/or decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate, causes a dramatic(More)
Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) is a circulating member of the FGF family produced mainly by the osteocytes and osteoblasts that can act as a hormone. The main action of FGF23 is to lower phosphatemia via the reduction of urinary phosphate reabsorption and the decrease of 1,25(OH)₂-D generation in the kidney. In the course of chronic kidney disease(More)
BACKGROUND Sclerostin is a paracrine acting factor, which is expressed in the osteocytes and articular chondrocytes. Sclerostin decreases the osteoblast-related bone formation through the inhibition of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Osteocytes also express the Calcium sensing receptor which is a target for cinacalcet. The aim of this study was to assess the(More)