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Interventions to block the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) halt the progression of renal lesions in renal damage models. It has recently also been reported that established glomerulosclerosis can be reversed by pharmacologic blockade of the RAS. It was the aim of this study to confirm that high doses of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reverse(More)
Dyslipidemia is a known cardiovascular risk factor in subjects without kidney disease. In patients with kidney disease, however, the relation of dyslipidemia to cardiovascular risk is confounded and the underlying pathomechanisms are complex. Statins have proven to be highly effective in patients with initial stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Definite(More)
Adipocytes secrete several biologically active substances that are presumed to be involved in obesity-related hypertension. There are no reports that deal with the relationship between plasma adiponectin concentration and blood pressure (BP). To evaluate the role of adiponectin in essential hypertension 33 patients with essential hypertensive (EHP) (12(More)
In this review paper we would like to summarized the current knowledge concerning the  pathogenesis and treatment of ischemic nephropathy. Epidemiological data suggest that the prevalence of ischemic nephropathy increases, especially among older individuals. The pathogenesis of this disease is more complex than just narrowing of the renal artery due to(More)
The Streptozotocin (STZ) model of diabetes is commonly used for studies of diabetic nephropathy although the histological lesions of the kidney are mild and do not resemble those seen in diabetic patients. The SHR/N-cp rat model of type II diabetes spontaneously develops pronounced abnormalities in renal histology. In the present study, we compared renal(More)
There is increasing evidence from both human and experimental studies that at least partial reversal of glomerulosclerosis can be achieved by glomerular remodeling. This requires substantial changes in glomerular architecture, specifically of glomerular capillaries. It was the purpose of the present study to characterize the stereologic and topologic(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Adiponectin is an anti-inflammatory protein secreted almost exclusively by adipocytes which improves insulin sensitivity and presents antiatherogenic properties. Plasma adiponectin concentration is almost 3 times higher in hemodialysis patients and markedly decreased after successful kidney transplantation. However, until now, there are(More)
Renal diseases tend to be less severe among premenopausal female patients, compared with male patients. Experimental data on the effects of estrogens on renal damage are controversial, and potential underlying mechanisms have not been fully clarified. Three-month-old, female, uninephrectomized (UNX), sham-operated or ovariectomized (OVX) SHRsp rats were(More)
UNLABELLED Leptin and neuropeptide Y (NPY) seem to play an important role in food intake and energy expenditure. Leptin is secreted by adipose tissue in proportion fo fat stores and is presumed to be an important anorectic hormone. NPY is produced by the hypothalamus, and in contrast to leptin, is one of the most potent appetite stimulants yet demonstrated.(More)