Learn More
Adipocytes secrete several biologically active substances that are presumed to be involved in obesity-related hypertension. There are no reports that deal with the relationship between plasma adiponectin concentration and blood pressure (BP). To evaluate the role of adiponectin in essential hypertension 33 patients with essential hypertensive (EHP) (12(More)
Interventions to block the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) halt the progression of renal lesions in renal damage models. It has recently also been reported that established glomerulosclerosis can be reversed by pharmacologic blockade of the RAS. It was the aim of this study to confirm that high doses of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reverse(More)
In this review paper we would like to summarized the current knowledge concerning the  pathogenesis and treatment of ischemic nephropathy. Epidemiological data suggest that the prevalence of ischemic nephropathy increases, especially among older individuals. The pathogenesis of this disease is more complex than just narrowing of the renal artery due to(More)
Dyslipidemia is a known cardiovascular risk factor in subjects without kidney disease. In patients with kidney disease, however, the relation of dyslipidemia to cardiovascular risk is confounded and the underlying pathomechanisms are complex. Statins have proven to be highly effective in patients with initial stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Definite(More)
Coronary calcification is a potent predictor of cardiac events. In patients with chronic renal disease, both prevalence and intensity of coronary calcification are increased. It has remained uncertain whether it is the intima of the coronaries or the media that is calcified and whether the morphologic details of calcified plaques differ between renal and(More)
Cardiovascular complications are a major clinical problem in patients with chronic kidney disease and end stage renal failure. Death from cardiac causes accounts for 40%-50% of all deaths in these patients and is thus up to 20 times more common in uremic patients than in the general population. Cardiovascular pathology in patients with renal failure is(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Dopamine receptors are involved in the regulation of renal hemodynamics and may play a role in diabetes-induced hyperfiltration. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the renal effect of a dopamine D3 receptor antagonist (D3-RA) in hypertensive type II diabetic SHR/N-cp rats. Lean and(More)
There is increasing evidence from both human and experimental studies that at least partial reversal of glomerulosclerosis can be achieved by glomerular remodeling. This requires substantial changes in glomerular architecture, specifically of glomerular capillaries. It was the purpose of the present study to characterize the stereologic and topologic(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Elevated plasma tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) concentration is frequently found in patients with chronic renal failure on hemodialysis (HD) and correlates with their mortality. The present study aimed to analyze the relationship between plasma TNFalpha concentrations and survival of patients with nonseptic acute renal failure (ARF).(More)
Renal disease is closely associated with hypertension. On the one hand, kidney disease provokes hypertension. On the other hand, hypertension aggravates the progression of renal dysfunction. The pathomechanisms through which the kidney raises blood pressure have been considerably clarified in recent years. In experimental and clinical studies, it could be(More)