Marcia M Stickler

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Monoclonal antibodies represent an attractive therapeutic tool as they are highly specific for their targets, convey effector functions and enjoy robust manufacturing procedures. Humanization of murine monoclonal antibodies has vastly improved their in vivo tolerability. Humanization, the replacement of mouse constant regions and V framework regions for(More)
Antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (ADEPT) delivers chemotherapeutic agents in high concentration to tumor tissue while minimizing systemic drug exposure. beta-Lactamases are particularly useful enzymes for ADEPT systems due to their unique substrate specificity that allows the activation of a variety of lactam-based prodrugs with minimal interference(More)
The human G1m1 allotype comprises two amino acids, D12 and L14, in the CH3 domain of IGHG1. Although the G1m1 allotype is prevalent in human populations, ∼40% of Caucasiods are homozygous for the nG1m1 allotype corresponding to E12 and M14. Peptides derived from the G1m1 region were tested for their ability to induce CD4+ T-cell proliferative responses in(More)
The engineering of protein therapeutics to improve their stability, their efficacy, or to create "humanized" versions introduces changes to the amino acid sequence that are potential T-cell epitopes. Until now, there has been no available assay to detect primary T-cell responses to novel epitopes in humans. Currently available in vitro protocols for epitope(More)
Human CD4+ T-cell epitopes were identified in interferon-beta (IFN-β)-1b. A prominent peptide epitope region was found that induced a proliferative response in 16% of all donors tested. Responses corresponded to the presence of the HLA-DR2 haplotype. Responsive donors expressing the HLA-DQ6 allele showed an increased level of proliferation to the epitope as(More)
We developed an assay to determine the location of immunodominant CD4(+) T-cell epitopes in any protein. The method uses CD4(+) T cells from community donors in conjunction with dendritic cells derived in vitro. Synthetic peptides constructed to describe the sequence of the protein of interest are cocultured with dendritic cells and CD4(+) T cells, and(More)
OBJECTIVE B-1a, B-1b, and B-2 cells represent the three B-cell subsets in mice. Previous studies have demonstrated that peritoneal B-1a cell development is absent, or nearly so, from adult bone marrow transfers into irradiated adult hosts. The majority of these studies have been performed under a limited set of conditions with irradiated host mice. Here we(More)
A human cell-based method to identify functional CD4(+) T-cell epitopes in any protein has been developed. Proteins are tested as synthetic 15-mer peptides offset by three amino acids. Percent responses within a large donor population are tabulated for each peptide in the set. Peptide epitope regions are designated by difference in response frequency from(More)
The BALB/cByJ mouse strain displays an immunodominant T cell response directed at the same CD4(+) T cell epitope peptide region in human IFN-beta, as detected in a human population-based assay. BALB/cByJ mice also recognize a second region of the protein with a lesser magnitude proliferative response. Critical residue testing of the immunodominant peptide(More)
A method to rank proteins based on their relative immunogenicity has been devised. A statistical analysis of peptide-specific responses in large human donor pools provides a structure index value metric that ranked four industrial enzymes in the order determined by both mouse and guinea pig exposure models. The ranking method also compared favorably with(More)