Marcia Leite Baptista

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Hepatitis A virus (HAV) isolates from around the world have been classified into seven genotypes (I-VII). Most human strains belong to genotype I, which has been divided into two subgenotypes, A and B. South America has provided a small number of strains studied at the genome level. In the present study, IgM anti-HAV antibodies were detected in 116 out of(More)
Common marmosets (Callithrixjacchus) were orally inoculated with a Brazilian strain (HAF-203) of hepatitis A virus (HAy). Three monkeys were euthanized at postinoculation hours 6, 12 and 24 to investigate the early events of HAV infection. Following others three inoculated and one control marmosets remained throughout the 46 day to evaluation of viral(More)
Hepatitis B infection and disease are highly endemic in South America. Prevalences of positivity are particularly high in Amazonia, and among Amerindian peoples in particular. This paper reports the results of a seroepidemiological survey for hepatitis B virus (HBV) carried out among four Amerindian populations from the Brazilian Amazon region: Gavião,(More)
Samples of serum, feces and liver tissue and organs of six cotton-eared marmosets Callithrix jacchus infected intravenously with two different strains of hepatitis A virus (HAV), were studied by conventional histologic techniques, by serological techniques and by immunocytochemical methods, such as immunofluorescence (IF) and peroxidase-antibody techniques.(More)
The liver tissue of a rhesus macaque inoculated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been analyzed for the presence of HCV RNA using the technique of in situ hybridization, both at light and electron microscopy levels. The animal was inoculated by the intrasplenic route using a HCV infected autogenic hepatocyte transplant. The serum sample used to infect the(More)
A previous seroepidemiological study in the rural zone of Vargem Alta (ES) SouthEast of Brazil, showed a prevalence of up to 9% of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in some areas. One hundred susceptible children aging 1 to 5 years old were selected and immunized with a recombinant DNA hepatitis B vaccine (Smith-Kline 20 mcg) using the 0-1-6 months(More)
Callithrix jacchus is considered a reliable animal model for hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection. All three HAV orally inoculated marmosets developed hepatitis - the infection was monitored by continuous virus shedding, high levels of serum enzyme alanine aminotransferase, specific antibody and seroconversion 3-6 weeks after HAV inoculation. HAV antigen was(More)
The hepatitis A virus (HAV) HAF-203 strain was isolated from an acute case of HAV infection. The primary isolation of HAF-203 in Brazil and its adaptation to the FRhK-4 cell lineage allowed the production of large amounts of viral particles enabling molecular characterization of the first HAV isolate in Brazil. The aim of our study was to determine the(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the performance of three in-house PCR techniques for HBV DNA detection and compare it with commercial quantitative methods to evaluate the usefulness of in-house methods for HBV diagnosis. Three panels of HBsAg reactive sera samples were evaluated: (i) 50 samples were examined using three methods for in-house(More)
Fourteen hepatitis C virus (HCV) chronically infected patients were submitted to routine liver biopsy for histological evaluation. Liver samples were assayed to HCV-RNA by in situ hybridization, using digoxigenin labeled probe. HCV genotypes were found to be predominantly type 1 (71.4%), followed by genotype 3 (21.4%), and genotype 2 (7.2%).(More)