Marcia L O'Connell

Learn More
The translational activation of dormant tissue-type plasminogen activator mRNA during meiotic maturation of mouse oocytes is accompanied by elongation of its 3'-poly(A) tract. Injected RNA fragments that correspond to part of the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of this mRNA are also subject to regulated polyadenylation. Chimeric mRNAs containing part of this(More)
One of the first intercellular signalling events in the vertebrate embryo leads to mesoderm formation and axis determination. In the mouse, a gene encoding a new member of the TGF-beta superfamily, nodal, is disrupted in a mutant deficient in mesoderm formation (Zhou et al., 1993, Nature 361, 543). nodal mRNA is found in prestreak mouse embryos, consistent(More)
The cytoplasmic polyadenylation element (CPE) is an AU-rich sequence in the 3'-untranslated region of many stored maternal mRNAs. The CPE directs the meiotic maturation-specific cytoplasmic polyadenylation and translational activation of these dormant mRNAs in Xenopus. The work presented here demonstrates that the CPE controls a similar regulation in mouse(More)
Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) mRNA is stored, stable and untranslated, in the cytoplasm of fully grown primary mouse oocytes. Dormancy is associated with an unusually short poly(A) tail, and poly(A) tail elongation controls tPA mRNA translational activation during meiotic maturation. Here we show that the nuclear transcript of this mRNA is(More)
It is well established that rat ovarian granulosa cells produce tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). The synthesis and secretion of the enzyme are induced by gonadotropins, and correlate well with the time of follicular rupture in vivo. We have found that in contrast, mouse granulosa cells produce a different form of plasminogen activator, the urokinase-type(More)
Granulosa cells from immature rats produce tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in response to follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) or luteinizing hormone (LH) both in vitro and in vivo. We have used the in vitro system to investigate the level at which the hormonal induction of tPA is regulated. Within 12 h following FSH addition, a dramatic but transient(More)
In many species, there is little transcription in the mature oocyte, and zygotic transcription does not begin immediately after fertilization. In zebrafish, zygotic transcription is not initiated until the mid-blastula transition, thus the production of new proteins during oogenesis and early embryogenesis is dependent on the translation of maternal mRNAs.(More)
  • 1