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Tumour-necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a cytokine that contributes to a variety of inflammatory disease states. The protein exists as a membrane-bound precursor of relative molecular mass 26K which can be processed by a TNF-alpha-converting enzyme (TACE), to generate secreted 17K mature TNF-alpha. We have purified TACE and cloned its complementary DNA.(More)
CD163, a monocyte and macrophage-specific surface glycoprotein, which is increased by interleukin-10 and glucocorticoids, is a scavenger receptor for hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes. We report a rapid and highly reproducible rise in soluble CD163 in the plasma of human volunteers given intravenous lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We also show that LPS induces(More)
TNF alpha converting enzyme (TACE) processes precursor TNF alpha between Ala76 and Val77, yielding a correctly processed bioactive 17 kDa protein. Genetic evidence indicates that TACE may also be involved in the shedding of other ectodomains. Here we show that native and recombinant forms of TACE efficiently processed a synthetic substrate corresponding to(More)
Metalloprotease disintegrins are a family of membrane-anchored glycoproteins that are known to function in fertilization, myoblast fusion, neurogenesis, and ectodomain shedding of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. Here we report the analysis of the intracellular maturation and catalytic activity of the widely expressed metalloprotease disintegrin MDC9. Our(More)
The neural cell adhesion molecule "close homologue of L1," termed CHL1, has functional importance in the nervous system. CHL1 is expressed as a transmembrane protein of 185 kDa, and ectodomain shedding releases soluble fragments relevant for its physiological function. Here we describe that ADAM8, a member of the family of metalloprotease disintegrins(More)
The interconversion of L-lysine and L-3,6-diamino-hexanoate (L-beta-lysine) catalyzed by lysine 2,3-aminomutase is known to be stimulated by added S-adenosylmethionine (Chirpich, T. P., Zappia, V., Costilow, R. N., and Barker, H. A. (1970) J. Biol. Chem. 245, 1778-1789). In this paper we show that enzyme activated by S-[2,8,5'-3H]adenosylmethionine(More)
Shedding of TNF-alpha requires a single cleavage event, whereas the ectodomain of proTGF-alpha is cleaved at N-proximal (N-terminal) and membrane proximal (C-terminal) sites to release mature TGF-alpha. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) was shown to have a central role in the shedding of both factors. Here we show that cleavage of the(More)
ADAM proteases are type I transmembrane proteins with extracellular metalloprotease domains. As for most ADAM family members, ADAM8 (CD156a, MS2) is involved in ectodomain shedding of membrane proteins and is linked to inflammation and neurodegeneration. To identify potential substrates released under these pathologic conditions, we screened 10-mer peptides(More)
There is a great unmet medical need in the area of cancer treatment. A potential therapeutic target for intervention in cancer is ADAM10. ADAM10 is a disintegrin-metalloproteinase that processes membrane bound proteins from the cell surface to yield soluble forms. Pharmaceutical companies are actively seeking out inhibitors of ADAM10 for treatments in(More)