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Glucocorticoids stimulate apoptosis in rat thymocytes that is characterized by internucleosomal DNA degradation. We have previously identified an 18-kDa calcium-dependent nuclease whose activity is associated with this DNA degradation. The existence of this nuclease has been challenged by Alnemri and Litwack (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 4104-4111, who suggest(More)
Apoptosis is a physiological process by which selected cells are deleted from a population in response to specific regulatory signals. A hallmark of apoptosis is the internucleosomal degradation of DNA prior to cell death. We are studying glucocorticoid-induced lymphocytolysis as a model system for apoptosis within the immune system. In rat thymocytes, the(More)
During inflammation, polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) are exposed to and influenced by various cytokines, including the chemoattractant interleukin-8 (IL-8). We tested the hypothesis that IL-8 affects apoptosis in PMN. We investigated which IL-8 receptor (RI or RII) might be involved, as well as the role of Bcl-2. Human PMN were isolated and cultured up(More)
Polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) lifespan is characterized by both rapid production and apoptotic cell death. The mechanisms triggering apoptosis in PMN are not completely understood. In this study, the relationship of neutrophil activation and apoptosis as related to released superoxide was investigated. PMN apoptosis was detected by DNA fragmentation,(More)
A native chloride channel in Necturus gallbladder epithelial cells is opened by a theophylline-induced rise in cellular cyclic AMP and is closed by removal of theophylline or by addition of specific antibody; however, it does not close if okadaic acid, an inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A, is added. The purified channel reconstituted into lipid(More)
Apoptosis is an important physiological process that involves the deletion of specific cells in a controlled and timely manner. A biochemical hallmark typifying apoptosis in normal lymphocytes is DNA cleavage caused by a calcium-dependent nuclease. We have previously identified and purified an 18-kDa nuclease (NUC18) from glucocorticoid-treated rat(More)
The pathogenesis of vasculitis associated with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies is not established. The anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody autoanigens proteinase 3 (PR3) and elastase induce detachment and cytolysis of endothelial cells in vitro. We investigated whether PR3 and elastase trigger endothelial cell apoptosis. Primary bovine pulmonary(More)
We have previously shown that monoclonal antibody E12 (MAb E12), one of several such antibodies raised against theophylline-treated Necturus gallbladder (NGB) epithelial cells, inhibits the chloride conductance in the apical membrane of that tissue. Since chloride channels are critical to the secretory function of epithelia in many different animals, we(More)
The effect of methylation on rat growth hormone (rGH) promoter activity was determined in GH3 cells by measuring rGH-Neo and rGH-CAT fusion gene expression with or without prior in vitro treatment with the site-specific DNA methyltransferases, M-BsuE and M-HhaI. To assay for rGH-promoter-specific effects of DNA methylation, RSV-Neo and RSV-CAT activities(More)
The restriction enzymes FnuDII and AccII are isoschizomers of the DNA sequence 5′-CGCG-3′. We have determined that 5-methylcytidine at either cytidine position in this recognition sequence inhibits DNA cleavage by FnuDII and AccII. A third isoschizomer, ThaI was previously shown to exhibit an identical methylation sensitivity. It is remarkable that 3(More)