Learn More
The potential role of interleukin-1 in postoperative adhesion formation was examined. Cecal abrasion gave a consistently higher adhesion score when compared with sham laparotomy, on the basis of adhesion number, density, and vascularity, and so was chosen for use in further studies. The extent of serosal bleeding during cecal abrasion did not affect(More)
To determine whether the collagen network is compromised by collagenase during acute inflammation, a monoclonal antibody (9A4) was developed with specificity for the C-terminal neoepitope sequence generated by collagenase-cleavage of type II collagen (Gly-Pro-Pro-Gly-Pro-Gln-Gly-COOH). 9A4 was shown to detect the collagen collagenase-cleavage neoepitope(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the in vivo effects of intraarticular MMP-13. METHODS Human recombinant MMP-13 was injected intraarticularly (i.a. ) into the hamster knee joint. MMP-13 activity, collagen and proteoglycan fragments, and hyaluronan were measured in synovial fluid. Antibody 9A4 was used to localize collagen damage. Western blotting was used to(More)
The SAR of a series of sterically hindered sulfonamide hydroxamic acids with relatively large P1' groups is described. The compounds typically spare MMP-1 while being potent inhibitors of MMP-13. The metabolically more stable compounds in the series contain either a monocyclic or bicyclic pyran ring adjacent to the hydroxamate group. Despite the sparing of(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been reported that osteoarthritis can occur in hamsters. The present study was undertaken to determine the effects of exercise on the composition of articular cartilage and synovial fluid and on the development of cartilage degeneration in these animals. METHODS Young (2.5-month-old) group-housed hamsters were compared with 5.5-month-old(More)
Tenidap is a new antiarthritic drug of novel chemical structure. This study shows the effects of tenidap on the in vitro synthesis of interleukin 1 (IL-1). IL-1 production by murine peritoneal macrophages was induced either by stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or by phagocytosis of zymosan. With either stimulus, tenidap inhibited IL-1 production as(More)
The role of prostaglandins in the regulation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced interleukin-1 (IL-1) production by murine C3H/HeN resident peritoneal macrophages was studied. IL-1 production was initially studied in the presence of piroxicam and indomethacin, both inhibitors of prostaglandin biosynthesis. IL-1 was assayed using the IL-1-dependent(More)
Bee venom, administered subcutaneously, suppressed the development of carrageenan-induced paw edema and adjuvant arthritis in the rat in a dose-related manner. A single dose of bee venom administered subcutaneously the day before or on the day of injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) effectively suppressed the development of polyarthritis. This(More)
The acute-phase reactant, C-reactive protein, is a good index of disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. We examined the murine acute-phase reactant, serum amyloid P, as an index of disease in type II collagen-induced arthritis in 3 mouse strains. The onset of type II collagen-induced arthritis, which is characterized by paw swelling, is(More)