Marcia Hiriart

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The reverse hemolytic plaque assay (RHPA) was used to study the secretory properties of single rat pancreatic B cells, and to identify insulin-secreting cells for patch-clamp experiments. In secretion studies using the RHPA, we find that the percentage of secreting B cells and the amount of insulin secreted per B cell increase as the glucose concentration(More)
Differentiation and function of pancreatic beta cells are regulated by a variety of hormones and growth factors, including nerve growth factor (NGF). Whether this is an endocrine or autocrine/paracrine role for NGF is not known. We demonstrate that NGF is produced and secreted by adult rat pancreatic beta cells. NGF secretion is increased in response to(More)
We studied the effects of nerve growth factor (NGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), and dibutyryl-cAMP (dbcAMP) on rat pancreatic β-cell morphology and of NGF and dbcAMP on insulin secretion. After 2 wk in culture, nearly 3% of β-cells extended neurite-like processes spontaneously; when cells were treated with NGF, almost 30% of them extended processes. In(More)
The action of exogenous ATP on cytoplasmic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) was studied in insulin secreting cells using fura-2. Stimulation of clonal pancreatic beta-cells (HIT) with ATP (range 2-20 microM) evoked a sustained elevation in [Ca2+]i. ATP selectively promoted Ca2+ influx and not Ca2+ mobilization since (1) the effect required external Ca1+ and (2) was(More)
We analyzed the effect of a brief exposure to nerve growth factor (NGF) on insulin secretion and macroscopic barium currents of single adult rat pancreatic beta-cells. After a 1-h exposure to NGF (50 ng/ml), single beta-cells show a 2.5-fold increase in the insulin secretion index in 5.6 mmol/l glucose and a nearly twofold increase in 15.6 mmol/l glucose(More)
Pancreatic islets are not fully developed at birth and it is not clear how they are vascularised and innervated. Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) is required to guide sympathetic neurons that innervate peripheral organs and also in cardiovascular system and ovary angiogenesis. Pancreatic beta cells of a transgenic mouse that over-expressed NGF in attracts(More)
Insulin secretion in mature beta-cells increases vigorously when extracellular glucose concentration rises. Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion depends on Ca(2+) influx through voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels. During fetal development, this structured response is not well established, and it is after birth that beta-cells acquire glucose sensitivity and a(More)
Chronic exposure to high concentrations of arsenic in drinking water is associated with an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes. The present revision focuses on the effect of arsenic on tissues that participate directly in glucose homeostasis, integrating the most important published information about the impairment of the expression of genes(More)
Function and structure of adult pancreatic islets are determined by early postnatal development, which in rats corresponds to the first month of life. We analyzed changes in blood glucose and hormones during this stage and their association with morphological and functional changes of alpha and beta cell populations during this period. At day 20 (d20),(More)
We have used a reverse hemolytic plaque assay and frequency distribution of immunoplaque areas to analyze the effect of carbachol (CCh, 100 nM), on insulin secretion by single pancreatic beta-cells. The CCh effect was strongly dependent on the extracellular glucose concentration. Compared with the respective controls in each condition, when glucose was(More)