Learn More
By using fluorescently labeled phalloidin we have examined, at the light microscope level, the three-dimensional distribution and reorganization of actin-like microfilaments (mfs) during plant cell cycle and differentiation. At interphase, mfs are organized into three distinct yet interconnected arrays: fine peripheral networks close to the plasma membrane;(More)
The effects of methylmercury (MeHg) on microtubules (MTs) in differentiating neurons derived from retinoic acid-induced embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells in culture were examined by immunofluorescence microscopy. Undifferentiated EC cells contained mostly kinetically labile tyrosinated (TYR) MTs which extended from the centrosome and a small population of(More)
Pluripotent P19 embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells were differentiated along the neuronal and muscle pathways. Comparisons of class I, II, III, and IV beta tubulin isotypes in total and colchicine-stable microtubule (MT) arrays from uncommitted EC, neuronal, and muscle cells were made by immunoblotting and by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy. In(More)
Two posttranslational modifications of alpha-tubulin, acetylation and detyrosination, are associated with stable microtubule (MT) populations, including those of neuronal processes. We have used a pluripotent embryonal carcinoma cell line, P19, to investigate changes in MT isotype and stability found in MT arrays during neurogenesis. This cell line has an(More)
We present the first evidence of fusion from without induced in tissue culture cells by a nonenveloped virus. Electron micrographs of two strains of rotavirus, bovine rotavirus C486 and rhesus rotavirus, show that virally mediated cell-cell fusion occurs within 1 h postinfection. Trypsin activation is necessary for rotavirus to mediate cell-cell fusion. The(More)
Microtubule (Mt) populations show large differences in dynamic properties (i.e., turnover rates) among cell types, and even within the same cell type at different stages of the cell cycle or stages of differentiation. These differences in dynamic properties are correlated with altered sensitivity to Mt-disassembling drugs (e.g. colchicine) which bind(More)
The cytotoxicity (TD) level of diphtheria toxin for human Chang liver strain was 0.1 guinea pig MLD per ml; for mouse liver NCTC 1469 strain, the TD was 500 MLD per ml. The results of cell culture toxicity correlated well with relative susceptibility of both man and mouse. The initial effects of toxin on the susceptible Chang liver cells were studied at one(More)
Pluripotent P19 embryonal carcinoma cell cultures can be induced to differentiate into neurons and glial cells by the addition of 10(-6) M retinoic acid. During early neural differentiation, a bundle of colchicine-stable, acetylated microtubules is formed. This acetylated microtubule array apparently extends to form neurites during neurogenesis. In this(More)
  • 1