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We have reviewed the role of insulin in ovarian physiology. Clinical observations and experimental data strongly support the hypothesis that insulin possesses gonadotropic activity, when acting alone or with FSH or LH. This idea is further supported by the recent discovery of insulin in follicular fluid. The idea that insulin has gonadotropic function can(More)
The efficacy and safety of oral fluconazole versus a polyene regimen in preventing mycoses in neutropenic patients was compared. Patients with haematological malignancy or bone marrow transplantation received as antifungal prophylaxis either fluconazole 200 mg daily or a regimen consisting of clotrimazole trouches 10 mg twice daily with mycostatin, 500,000(More)
Because we had observed that smoking has a pronounced effect on serum progesterone levels, we reinvestigated in healthy nonsmokers the relative progesterone levels of men and follicular-phase women. Each of eight women had multiple measurements of serum progesterone during the follicular phase of a menstrual cycle (10 days through 3 days prior to the(More)
A male to female ration of coronary disease of 2:1 has been a consistent finding. This differential persists event when the classic risk factors for coronary disease--hypertension, smoking, obesity, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia--are controlled for gender. The most likely ultimate cause of this phenomenon is male-female differences in sex hormone patterns.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)-lowering effect of colesevelam hydrochloride, a bile acid sequestrant, in subjects with type 2 diabetes that was inadequately controlled by existing antihyperglycemic therapy. METHODS After a 4-week placebo run-in period, subjects with type 2 diabetes and an HbA(1c) value of 7.0% to 10.0%(More)
A prospective study to determine the value of cerebrospinal fluid analysis in the differential diagnosis of meningitis was performed in 710 consecutively observed patients, both children and adults, who underwent lumbar puncture due to suspected central nervous system infection. Diagnoses included acute or presumed bacterial meningitis (n=79), acute or(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS IGF-IR is implicated in hepatic carcinogenesis. This and preliminary evidence of biological activity of anti-IGF-1R monoclonal antibody cixutumumab in phase I trials prompted this phase II study. METHODS Patients with advanced HCC, Child-Pugh A-B8, received cixutumumab 6mg/kg weekly, in a Simon two-stage design study, with the primary(More)
Objective: To determine whether selected socially rehabilitated former heroin addicts maintained on methadone can continue successful rehabilitation while maintained on methadone by primary care physicians rather than licensed clinics. This procedure has been termed “medical maintenance.” Design: Cohort study with 42–111 months of follow-up. Setting:(More)
BACKGROUND Methadone Medical Maintenance (MMM) was implemented in 1983 to enable socially rehabilitated methadone patients to be treated in the offices of private physicians rather than in the traditional clinic system. Over a period of 15 years, 158 methadone patients who fulfilled specific criteria within the clinic system entered this program in New York(More)
To study the ability of weight loss to reverse the hyperestrogenemia-induced hypogonadotropic hypogonadism that occurs in obese men, we measured the 24-h mean plasma free and total estradiol (E2), total estrone, FSH, LH, and free and total testosterone concentrations in 11 healthy obese men (100-305% above desirable body weight) and again 5-39 months later(More)