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Recent studies support the hypothesis that soluble oligomers of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) rather than mature amyloid fibrils are the earliest effectors of synaptic compromise in Alzheimer's disease. We took advantage of an amyloid precursor protein-overexpressing cell line that secretes SDS-stable Abeta oligomers to search for inhibitors of the(More)
The progressive aggregation and deposition of amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) in brain regions subserving memory and cognition is an early and invariant feature of Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of cognitive failure in aged humans. Inhibiting Abeta aggregation is therapeutically attractive because this process is believed to be an exclusively(More)
Filamentous aggregates of the 40-42-residue amyloid beta-protein (A beta) accumulate progressively in the limbic and cerebral cortex in Alzheimer's disease, where they are intimately associated with neuronal and glial cytopathology. Attempts to model this cytotoxicity in vitro using synthetic peptides have shown that monomeric A beta is relatively inert,(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the deposition of extracellular senile plaques composed of amyloid beta-peptide (A beta). Whereas most cases of AD occur sporadically, about 10% of AD cases are inherited as a fully penetrant autosomal dominant trait. Mutations in the recently cloned Presenilin(More)
Humans inheriting missense mutations in the presenilin (PS)1 and -2 genes undergo progressive cerebral deposition of the amyloid beta-protein at an early age and develop a clinically and pathologically severe form of familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). Because PS1 mutations cause the most aggressive known form of AD, it is important to elucidate the(More)
The formation of clusters of altered axons and dendrites surrounding extracellular deposits of amyloid filaments (neuritic plaques) is a major feature of the human brain in both aging and Alzheimer's disease. A panel of antibodies against amyloid filaments and their constituent proteins from humans with Alzheimer's disease cross-reacted with neuritic plaque(More)
During aging of the human brain, and particularly in Alzheimer's disease, progressive neuronal loss is accompanied by the formation of highly stable intra- and extraneuronal protein fibers. Using fluorescence-activated particle sorting, a method has been developed for purifying essentially to homogeneity the extracellular amyloid fibers that form the cores(More)
  • W Q Qiu, D M Walsh, +7 authors D J Selkoe
  • 1998
Excessive cerebral accumulation of the 42-residue amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) is an early and invariant step in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Many studies have examined the cellular production of Abeta from its membrane-bound precursor, including the role of the presenilin proteins therein, but almost nothing is known about how Abeta is degraded(More)
Mutations in the presenilin 1 (PS1) and presenilin 2 (PS2) genes cause the most common and aggressive form of early onset familial Alzheimer's disease. To elucidate their pathogenic mechanism, wild-type (wt) or mutant (M146L, C410Y) PS1 and wt or mutant (M239V) PS2 genes were stably transfected into Chinese hamster ovary cells that overexpress the(More)
Amyloid beta-proteins (A beta) are proteolytic fragments of the beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta APP) that are secreted by mammalian cells throughout life but also accumulate progressively as insoluble cerebral aggregates in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Because mounting evidence indicates that A beta aggregation and deposition are early, critical features(More)