Marcia B Lloyd

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The first event in light perception is absorption of a photon by the retinaldehyde chromophore of an opsin pigment in a rod or cone photoreceptor cell. This induces isomerization of the chromophore, rendering the bleached pigment insensitive to light. Restoration of light sensitivity requires chemical reisomerization of retinaldehyde via a multistep enzyme(More)
Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell dysfunction plays a central role in various retinal degenerative diseases, but knowledge is limited regarding the pathways responsible for adult RPE stress responses in vivo. RPE mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several forms of retinal degeneration. Here we have shown that postnatal(More)
retinal degeneration slow (rds) is a semidominant mutation of mice with the phenotype of abnormal development of rod and cone photoreceptors, followed by their slow degeneration. The rds gene has been putatively cloned and its novel protein product initially characterized biochemically. In the present study we undertook to correct in vivo the retinal(More)
PURPOSE Dietary supplementation with vitamin A is sometimes prescribed as a treatment for retinitis pigmentosa, a group of inherited retinal degenerations that cause progressive blindness. Loss-of-function mutations in the ABCA4 gene are responsible for a subset of recessive retinitis pigmentosa. Other mutant alleles of ABCA4 cause the related diseases,(More)
In the juvenile trkB knockout (trkB-/-) mouse, retina synaptic communication from rods to bipolar cells is severely compromised as evidenced by a complete absence of electroretinogram (ERG) b-wave, even though the inner retina appears anatomically normal (Rohrer et al., 1999). Since it is well known that the b-wave reflects light-dependent synaptic(More)
PURPOSE We report generation of a mouse model in which the STRA6 gene has been disrupted functionally to facilitate the study of visual responses, changes in ocular morphology, and retinoid processing under STRA6 protein deficiency. METHODS A null mouse line, stra6 -/-, was generated. Western Blot and immunocytochemistry were used to determine expression(More)
PURPOSE To generate a mouse model in which the Lrat gene is selectively disrupted in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). To evaluate the effects on the synthesis of retinyl esters and on the expression of other proteins involved in the continuation of the visual cycle. METHODS A mouse line in which part of the first exon of the Lrat gene has been(More)
PURPOSE In this study, the authors present the biochemical, morphologic, and physiological analyses of a transgenic mouse model for retinal degeneration slow (RDS)-mediated retinitis pigmentosa caused by a proline 216 to leucine (P216L) amino acid substitution in rds/peripherin. METHODS The authors assembled a mutant rds transgene that encodes(More)
Accumulation of vitamin A-derived lipofuscin fluorophores in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is a pathologic feature of recessive Stargardt macular dystrophy, a blinding disease caused by dysfunction or loss of the ABCA4 transporter in rods and cones. Age-related macular degeneration, a prevalent blinding disease of the elderly, is strongly associated(More)
Canavan disease (CD) is a neurodegenerative disease, caused by a deficiency in the enzyme aspartoacylase (ASPA). This enzyme has been localized to oligodendrocytes; however, it is still undefined how ASPA deficiency affects oligodendrocyte development. In normal mice the pattern of ASPA expression coincides with oligodendrocyte maturation. Therefore,(More)