Learn More
The parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi employs multiple molecular strategies to invade a broad range of nonphagocytic cells. Here we demonstrate that the invasion of human primary umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) or Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells overexpressing the B(2) type of bradykinin receptor (CHO-B(2)R) by tissue culture trypomastigotes(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is the phenomenon in which cultured tumor cells, selected for resistance to one chemotherapeutic agent, simultaneously acquire resistance to several apparently unrelated drugs. The MDR phenotype is multifactorial. The best-studied mechanism involves the expression of a membrane protein that acts as an energy-dependent efflux pump,(More)
Besides its insulin-mimetic effects, vanadate is also known to have a variety of physiological and pharmacological properties, varying from induction of cell growth to cell death and is also a modulator of the multidrug resistance phenotype. However, the mechanisms underlying these effects are still not understood. The present report analyzes the mechanisms(More)
The suggested involvement of ouabain in hypertension raised the need for a better understanding of its cellular action, but the mechanisms of ouabain toxicity are only now being uncovered. In the present study, we show that reduced glutathione (GSH) protected ouabain-sensitive (OS) cells from ouabain-induced toxicity and that the inhibition of GSH synthesis(More)
Multidrug resistance to chemotherapy is a major obstacle in the treatment of cancer patients. The best characterised mechanism responsible for multidrug resistance involves the expression of the MDR-1 gene product, P-glycoprotein. However, the resistance process is multifactorial. Studies of multidrug resistance mechanisms have relied on the analysis of(More)
Photodynamic action has been advocated as an alternative treatment of tumors but the most common used dyes, hematoporphyrin derivatives, are substrate for P-glycoprotein. This study investigated the MDR-reverting properties of methylene blue (MB) and compared the sensitivity to its photodynamic action (PDA) in five cell lines that either express or do not(More)
The major drawback of cancer chemotherapy is the development of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tumor cells, which are cross-resistant to a broad range of structurally and functionally unrelated agents, making it difficult to treat these tumors. In the last decade, a number of authors have studied the effects of photodynamic therapy (PDT), a combination of(More)
The development of multidrug resistance (MDR) is the primary cause of failure of cancer chemotherapy and circumventing this problem is a major challenge in oncology. Vanadate is known to inhibit the ATPase activity of the P-glycoprotein and multidrug-resistant associated protein. In the present study we show that adherent MDR cells are more sensitive to(More)
The effects of oleanolic acid (OA) on ABCB1 and ABCC1 activities were studied in a cell line constitutively expressing both proteins. It was observed that OA did not alter ABCB1 activity, but inhibited the activity of ABCC1 protein. This inhibition was reversible and only occurred in the presence of OA. In addition, OA did not alter the expression of ABCC1(More)
Inhibition of tumor growth induced by treatment with direct current (DC) has been reported in several systems. In the current work, the cellular effects generated by the DC treatment of the human leukemic K562 cell line and its vincristine-resistant derivative K562-Lucena 1 were analyzed by trypan blue staining and transmission electron microscopy. DC(More)