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Manganese (Mn) has a natural occurrence and is necessary during the initial periods of the development. However, in high concentrations, Mn can be related to neurodegenerative disorders. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the mutagenic potential of manganese chloride (MnCl2.4H2O). Comet assay and chromosome aberrations analysis were applied to(More)
Twelve breast fibroadenomas were analyzed cytogenetically and only four were found to have clonal alterations. The presence of chromosomal alterations in fibroadenomas must be the consequence of the proliferating process and must not be related to the etiology of this type of lesion. In contrast, the few fibroadenomas that exhibit chromosomal alterations(More)
The mercury rejected in the water system, from mining operations and lixiviation of soils after deforestation, is considered to be the main contributors to the contamination of the ecosystem in the Amazon Basin. The objectives of the present study were to examine cytogenetic functions in peripheral lymphocytes within a population living on the banks of the(More)
Mercury is a xenobiotic metal that is a highly deleterious environmental pollutant. The biotransformation of mercury chloride (HgCl2) into methylmercury chloride (CH3HgCl) in aquatic environments is well-known and humans are exposed by consumption of contaminated fish, shellfish and algae. The objective of the present study was to determine the changes(More)
The Canova Method (CM) is a homeopathic medicine indicated for the treatment of patients with cancer and for pathologies that involve a depressed immune system, such as AIDS. This product is composed of homeopathic dilutions of Aconitum napellus, Arsenicum album (arsenic trioxide), Bryonia alba, Lachesis muta venom and Thuya occidentalis. It stimulates the(More)
Iron (Fe) is a common chemical element that is essential for organisms as a co-factor in oxygen transport, but that in high amounts presents a significant risk of neurodegenerative disorders. The objective of this study was to evaluate the mutagenic potential of iron sulfate. The comet assay and chromosome aberration (CA) analysis were applied to determine(More)
Mercury is a highly deleterious environmental pollutant, with recognized mutagenic and teratogenic effects. Given this, we evaluated the changes induced in vitro by two mercury compounds (mercury chloride--MC--and methyl mercuric chloride--MMC) on the genetic) material of a human lymphoblastoid cell line (TK6) on the basis of both the frequency of mutations(More)
Gastric cancer is the fourth most frequent type of cancer and the second cause of cancer mortality worldwide. The genetic alterations described so far for gastric carcinomas include amplifications and mutations of the c-ERBB2, KRAS, MET, TP53, and c-MYC genes. Chromosomal instability described for gastric cancer includes gains and losses of whole(More)
Very satisfactory results have been obtained with the treatment of sickle cell anaemia with hydroxyurea (HU), an antineoplastic drug. This is because it significantly increases the levels of foetal haemoglobin. Nevertheless, inadequate dosages or prolonged treatment with this pharmaceutical can provoke cytotoxicity or genotoxicity, increasing the risk of(More)