Marcelo Nicolás Muscará

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Voluntary physical activity improves memory and learning ability in rodents, whereas status epilepticus has been associated with memory impairment. Physical activity and seizures have been associated with enhanced hippocampal expression of BDNF, indicating that this protein may have a dual role in epilepsy. The influence of voluntary physical activity on(More)
1. Selective inhibitors of cyclo-oxygenase-2 have been shown to be effective anti-inflammatory drugs with reduced gastrointestinal toxicity relative to conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In the present study, we examined the possibility that selective COX-2 inhibition, by blocking prostacyclin synthesis, would increase blood(More)
The activity and expression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms and protein nitrotyrosine (NT) residues were investigated in whole encephalic mass (WEM) homogenates during the development of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) in Lewis rats. EAE stages (0-III) were daily defined by clinical evaluation, and in the end of each stage, WEMs were(More)
Sciatic axotomy in 2-day-old rats (P2) causes lumbar motoneuron loss, which could be associated with nitric oxide (NO) production. NO may be produced by three isoforms of synthase (NOS): neuronal (nNOS), endothelial (eNOS) and inducible (iNOS). We investigated NOS expression and NO synthesis in the lumbar enlargement of rats after sciatic nerve transection(More)
Oxidative stress has been implicated in motoneuron death secondary to axotomy in the neonatal period. We studied the effect of sciatic transection at P2 on the motoneuron population in the lumbar enlargement of newborn rats looking for a protective role of daily doses of the antioxidant melatonin. The animals were allowed to survive from P2 to P7, and the(More)
In order to investigate a putative role for nitric oxide (NO) in the central nociceptive processing following carrageenan-induced arthritis in the rat temporomandibular joint (TMJ), we analyzed the immunoreactivity, gene expression and activity of nitric oxide synthases (NOS) in the caudal part of the spinal trigeminal nucleus (Sp5C) during the acute (24(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study analyzed the effects of acute amphetamine (AMPH) treatment on immune-mediated lung inflammatory response in rats. METHODS There were four experiments. In the first and second experiments, rats were treated with AMPH (1 mg/kg) or 0.9% NaCl, and locomotor activity (experiment 1) and serum AMPH concentrations (experiment 2) were(More)
The present study aimed to show the in vivo mechanisms of action of an indole-thiazolidine molecule peroxisome-proliferator activated receptor pan-agonist (PPAR pan) and cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor, LYSO-7, in an ethanol/HCl-induced (Et/HCl) gastric lesion model. Swiss male mice were treated with vehicle, LYSO-7 or Bezafibrate (p.o.) 1 hour before oral(More)
This study aimed to compare the anti-neoplastic effects of an Uncaria tomentosa (UT) brute hydroethanolic (BHE) extract with those of two fractions derived from it. These fractions are choroformic (CHCl3) and n-butanolic (BuOH), rich in pentacyclic oxindole alkaloids (POA) and antioxidant substances, respectively. The cancer model was the subcutaneous(More)
BACKGROUND Non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the most commonly prescribed agents for arthritic patients, although gastric effects limit their long-term use. Considering the reported gastric safety of hydrogen sulfide (H2S)-releasing NSAIDs, in addition to the anti-inflammatory effects of H2S administration to rats with synovitis, we decided(More)