Marcelo Nicolás Muscará

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The involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in anxiety was investigated in rats, using the elevated plus maze test. Acute, but not chronic, systemic treatment with N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10 and 60, an inhibitor of NO synthase, increased the time spent by the rats in the open arms. Both the acute and chronic treatments with L-NAME(More)
We investigated whether low-level laser therapy (LLLT) can reduce muscular fatigue during tetanic contractions in rats. Thirty-two male Wistar rats were divided into four groups receiving either one of three different LLLT doses (0.5, 1.0, and 2.5 J/cm2) or a no-treatment control group. Electrical stimulation was used to induce six tetanic muscle(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent findings suggest that the noxious gas H(2)S is produced endogenously, and that physiological concentrations of H(2)S are able to modulate pain and inflammation in rodents. This study was undertaken to evaluate the ability of endogenous and exogenous H(2)S to modulate carrageenan-induced synovitis in the rat knee. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Nitric oxide (NO)-releasing derivatives of cyclooxygenase inhibitors exhibit enhanced anti-inflammatory activity and greatly reduced gastrointestinal toxicity. We evaluated whether a similar derivatization of mesalamine (5-aminosalicylic acid) would improve its anti-inflammatory activity. METHODS Effects of an NO-releasing derivative of(More)
Development and progression of end-organ damage in hypertension have been associated with increased oxidative stress. Superoxide anion accumulation has been reported in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension, in which endothelin-1 plays an important role in cardiovascular damage. We hypothesized that blockade of ETA receptors in DOCA-salt rats(More)
Mice deficient in both inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and interleukin (IL)-10 (iNOS(-/-)/IL-10(-/-)) were created to examine the role of iNOS in spontaneously developing intestinal inflammation. IL-10(-/-)/iNOS(-/-) mice were compared with IL-10(-/-) (iNOS(+/+)) littermates over 6 mo. RT-PCR, Western blot analysis, and immunohistochemistry were(More)
Inflammatory diseases associated with pain are often difficult to treat in the clinic due to insufficient understanding of the nociceptive pathways involved. Recently, there has been considerable interest in the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in inflammatory disease, but little is known of the role of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) in hyperalgesia. In(More)
  • M N Muscará, J L Wallace
  • The American journal of physiology
  • 1999
Nitric oxide is a crucial mediator of gastrointestinal mucosal defense, but, paradoxically, it also contributes to mucosal injury in several situations. Inhibitors of nitric oxide synthesis and compounds that release nitric oxide have been useful pharmacological tools for evaluating the role of nitric oxide in gastrointestinal physiology and(More)
SIGNIFICANCE Hydrogen sulfide is emerging as an important mediator of many aspects of inflammation, and perhaps most importantly as a factor promoting the resolution of inflammation and repair of injury. RECENT ADVANCES In the gastrointestinal tract, H(2)S has been shown to promote healing of ulcers and the resolution of mucosal inflammation. On the other(More)