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Voluntary physical activity improves memory and learning ability in rodents, whereas status epilepticus has been associated with memory impairment. Physical activity and seizures have been associated with enhanced hippocampal expression of BDNF, indicating that this protein may have a dual role in epilepsy. The influence of voluntary physical activity on(More)
Inflammatory diseases associated with pain are often difficult to treat in the clinic due to insufficient understanding of the nociceptive pathways involved. Recently, there has been considerable interest in the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in inflammatory disease, but little is known of the role of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) in hyperalgesia. In(More)
1. Selective inhibitors of cyclo-oxygenase-2 have been shown to be effective anti-inflammatory drugs with reduced gastrointestinal toxicity relative to conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In the present study, we examined the possibility that selective COX-2 inhibition, by blocking prostacyclin synthesis, would increase blood(More)
The objectives of this study were to investigate the presence of the three neurofilament subunits, ubiquitin, proteasome and 3-nitrotyrosine, in CSF samples of ALS patients. CSF samples were obtained by lumbar puncture from 10 ALS patients and six controls. All samples were analysed by Western blotting. Results revealed that neurofilament heavy subunit was(More)
Mice deficient in both inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and interleukin (IL)-10 (iNOS(-/-)/IL-10(-/-)) were created to examine the role of iNOS in spontaneously developing intestinal inflammation. IL-10(-/-)/iNOS(-/-) mice were compared with IL-10(-/-) (iNOS(+/+)) littermates over 6 mo. RT-PCR, Western blot analysis, and immunohistochemistry were(More)
NCX-701 is a nitric oxide (NO)-releasing acetaminophen (APAP) derivative. In the present study we demonstrated that NCX-701 is as effective as APAP in controlling body temperature in a rat model of endotoxin-induced fever. Liver toxicity is a major complication of APAP overdosing. To investigate whether NCX-701 is hepatotoxic, BALB/C mice were injected with(More)
The activity and expression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms and protein nitrotyrosine (NT) residues were investigated in whole encephalic mass (WEM) homogenates during the development of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) in Lewis rats. EAE stages (0-III) were daily defined by clinical evaluation, and in the end of each stage, WEMs were(More)
Sciatic axotomy in 2-day-old rats (P2) causes lumbar motoneuron loss, which could be associated with nitric oxide (NO) production. NO may be produced by three isoforms of synthase (NOS): neuronal (nNOS), endothelial (eNOS) and inducible (iNOS). We investigated NOS expression and NO synthesis in the lumbar enlargement of rats after sciatic nerve transection(More)
Inflammation contributes to the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Molecules released by the inflamed injured tissue can activate toll-like receptors (TLRs), thereby modulating macrophage and CD4(+) T-cell activity. We propose that in renal fibrogenesis, M2 macrophages are recruited and activated in a T helper subset 2 cell (T(H)2)-prone(More)
Oxidative stress has been implicated in motoneuron death secondary to axotomy in the neonatal period. We studied the effect of sciatic transection at P2 on the motoneuron population in the lumbar enlargement of newborn rats looking for a protective role of daily doses of the antioxidant melatonin. The animals were allowed to survive from P2 to P7, and the(More)