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BACKGROUND & AIMS Nitric oxide (NO)-releasing derivatives of cyclooxygenase inhibitors exhibit enhanced anti-inflammatory activity and greatly reduced gastrointestinal toxicity. We evaluated whether a similar derivatization of mesalamine (5-aminosalicylic acid) would improve its anti-inflammatory activity. METHODS Effects of an NO-releasing derivative of(More)
Venoms from snakes of the genus Bothrops cause pronounced local effects in the victims. These alterations result not only from the direct toxic action of venom components, but also from the prominent inflammatory reaction associated with these envenomations. In this study we investigated the ability of Bothrops asper (BaV) and Bothrops jararaca (BjV) venoms(More)
Mice deficient in both inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and interleukin (IL)-10 (iNOS(-/-)/IL-10(-/-)) were created to examine the role of iNOS in spontaneously developing intestinal inflammation. IL-10(-/-)/iNOS(-/-) mice were compared with IL-10(-/-) (iNOS(+/+)) littermates over 6 mo. RT-PCR, Western blot analysis, and immunohistochemistry were(More)
The involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in anxiety was investigated in rats, using the elevated plus maze test. Acute, but not chronic, systemic treatment with N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10 and 60 mg.kg-1), an inhibitor of NO synthase, increased the time spent by the rats in the open arms. Both the acute and chronic treatments with L-NAME(More)
Voluntary physical activity improves memory and learning ability in rodents, whereas status epilepticus has been associated with memory impairment. Physical activity and seizures have been associated with enhanced hippocampal expression of BDNF, indicating that this protein may have a dual role in epilepsy. The influence of voluntary physical activity on(More)
1. Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a group of genetic disorders characterised by recurrent severe suppurative infections due to impaired microbial killing. The principal biochemical defect is an impairment in the production of reactive oxygen intermediates by phagocytes. 2. Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesised from the guanidino nitrogen atom(s) of(More)
We have shown previously that nitric oxide (NO) controls platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM-1) expression on both neutrophils and endothelial cells under physiological conditions. Here, the molecular mechanism by which NO regulates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endothelial PECAM-1 expression and the role of interleukin (IL)-10 on this(More)
Development and progression of end-organ damage in hypertension have been associated with increased oxidative stress. Superoxide anion accumulation has been reported in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension, in which endothelin-1 plays an important role in cardiovascular damage. We hypothesized that blockade of ETA receptors in DOCA-salt rats(More)