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Premature ovarian failure occurs in approximately 1:1000 women before 30 years, 1:250 by 35 years and 1:100 by the age of 40. It is characterized by primary or secondary amenorrhea and cannot be considered as definitive because spontaneous conception may occur in 5 to 10% of cases. In 95% of cases, premature ovarian failure is sporadic. The known causes of(More)
Toxoplasma gondii Ag-primed intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) from the mouse intestine have been shown to be protective against an lethal parasite challenge when adoptively transferred into recipient mice. In the present study, we observed that Ag-primed IEL traffic to the intestine of naive mice following i.v. administration. Primed and CD8beta+ IEL were(More)
Microsporidia are obligate intracellular protozoan parasites that cause a wide variety of opportunistic infection in patients with AIDS. Because it is able to grow in vitro, Encephalitozoon cuniculi is currently the best-studied microsporidian. T cells mediate protective immunity against this parasite. Splenocytes obtained from infected mice proliferate in(More)
Microsporidia are obligate intracellular parasites, which can cause complications in immunocompromised individuals. Very little is known about the host immune response generated against these infectious agents. Encephalitozoon cuniculi is the best studied microsporidian and the protective immune response against this parasite is mediated by cytotoxic CD8(+)(More)
Encephalitozoon cuniculi is a protozoan parasite that has been implicated recently as a cause of opportunistic infection in immunocompromised individuals. Protective immunity in the normal host is T cell-dependent. In the present study, the role of individual T cell subtypes in immunity against this parasite has been studied using gene knockout mice.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the results obtained in our clinic with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in severe male factor infertility and failed fertilization and to determine if the age of the female has any impact on those results. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Private high-complexity Human Reproduction Center. PATIENTS One hundred five(More)
Cell-mediated immunity has been reported to play an important role in defense against Encephalitozoon cuniculi infection. Previous studies from our laboratory have underlined the importance of cytotoxic CD8(+) T lymphocytes (CTL) in survival of mice infected with E. cuniculi. In the present study, immune response against E. cuniculi infection in CD4(+)(More)
Gamma(delta) T cells have been reported to play an essential effector role during the early immune response against a wide variety of infectious agents. Recent studies have suggested that the gamma(delta) T cell subtype may also be important for the induction of adaptive immune response against certain microbial pathogens. In the present study, an early(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe pelvic sonographic findings in girls as old as 7 years, to compare prepubertal girls with girls who had isolated thelarche or central precocious puberty, and to verify the accuracy of sonographic variables for distinguishing prepubertal girls from girls with central precocious puberty. METHODS Ninety-six prepubertal girls and 2(More)
This study presents the analysis of the immunogenicity, antigenicity and protective effects of a peptide derived from the major surface antigen of Toxoplasma gondii, SAG1. This synthetic peptide carrying three predicted H-2k restricted T cell epitopes was used to immunize mice. The protective effect of the peptide was evaluated in CBA/J and C57BL/6 mice(More)