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The L4 and L5 dorsal root ganglia were studied in untreated rats and rats subjected to unilateral transection of the sciatic nerve, using the indirect immunofluorescence technique and antibodies to the peptide galanin (GAL). In control rats only low numbers of small ganglion cells contained GAL-like immunoreactivity (LI). After axotomy a marked increase in(More)
The peptides galanin (GAL), substance P (SP), and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) were analyzed with immunohistochemistry and radioimmunoassay in the spinal cord, dorsal root ganglia, dorsal roots, and sciatic nerve of normal rats and rats subjected to several experimental procedures, including ligation, crush, and/or sectioning of nerves. The(More)
The effect of intracerebroventricular injection of the mitosis inhibitor colchicine and of immobilization stress, subcutaneous injection of capsaicin, and intraperitoneal injection of hypertonic salt solution on expression of c-Fos-like immunoreactivity was studied in the rat brain with immunohistochemistry. All the procedures induced c-Fos immunoreactivity(More)
The distribution of the dopaminergic D4 receptor in rat brain was studied employing site directed polyclonal antibodies. Antisera were raised in rabbits to two oligopeptides corresponding to amino acids 160-172 of the second extracellular loop (P1) and amino acids 260-273 of the third intracellular loop (P2) of the D4 receptor sequence. Affinity-purified(More)
Research during the past two decades supports a complex role for neuropeptide tyrosine (NPY) and two of its associated receptors, the Y1 receptor and the Y2 receptor, in the modulation of pain, in addition to regeneration and survival mechanisms at the spinal level. Thus, NPY has been shown to both cause and reduce pain, in addition to having biphasic(More)
The temporal course of changes in peptide expression in the dorsal root ganglia L4 and L5 and in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord has been studied in rats subjected to a sciatic nerve transection at a mid-thigh level following different survival times. Galanin-, substance P-, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-, peptide histidine-isoleucine- and calcitonin(More)
The localization of the neuropeptide tyrosine Y1 receptor was studied with immunohistochemistry in parasagittal and transverse, free-floating sections of the rat lumbar spinal cord. At least seven distinct Y1 receptor-positive populations could tentatively be recognized: Type 1) abundant small, fusiform Y1 receptor-positive neurons in laminae I-II,(More)
The distribution of galanin was studied in the lumbar 5 dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) and spinal cord, superior cervical ganglia (SCGs), and skin of transgenic mice overexpressing galanin under the dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) promoter (GalOE-DBH mice) and in wild type (WT) mice. The DRGs and spinal cord were analysed before and after a unilateral, complete(More)
The effect of intracerebroventricular injection of the mitosis inhibitor colchicine on expression of mRNA for nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and neurotrophin 3 was studied in the rat brain with in situ hybridization. Colchicine up-regulates mRNA for NGF and BDNF in many of the neuronal systems normally expressing these(More)
Magnocellular hypothalamic neurons of the paraventricular (PVN) and supraoptic (SON) nuclei have been shown to contain a wide variety of messenger molecules in addition to vasopressin and oxytocin, including the nitric oxide (NO)-synthesizing enzyme (NOS). In this paper we have investigated the effects of salt loading on the expression of NOS by means of(More)