Marcelo José Villar

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The L4 and L5 dorsal root ganglia were studied in untreated rats and rats subjected to unilateral transection of the sciatic nerve, using the indirect immunofluorescence technique and antibodies to the peptide galanin (GAL). In control rats only low numbers of small ganglion cells contained GAL-like immunoreactivity (LI). After axotomy a marked increase in(More)
The temporal course of changes in peptide expression in the dorsal root ganglia L4 and L5 and in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord has been studied in rats subjected to a sciatic nerve transection at a mid-thigh level following different survival times. Galanin-, substance P-, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-, peptide histidine-isoleucine- and calcitonin(More)
The effect of intracerebroventricular injection of the mitosis inhibitor colchicine on expression of mRNA for nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and neurotrophin 3 was studied in the rat brain with in situ hybridization. Colchicine up-regulates mRNA for NGF and BDNF in many of the neuronal systems normally expressing these(More)
The effect of intracerebroventricular injection of the mitosis inhibitor colchicine and of immobilization stress, subcutaneous injection of capsaicin, and intraperitoneal injection of hypertonic salt solution on expression of c-Fos-like immunoreactivity was studied in the rat brain with immunohistochemistry. All the procedures induced c-Fos immunoreactivity(More)
Hypothalamic magnocellular neurons of the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei contain several peptides and non-peptide putative neurotransmitters co-existing with vasopressin and oxytocin. However, the functional role of these substances is still unknown. In the present paper the temporal course of changes in the expression of vasopressin, oxytocin,(More)
Indirect immunofluorescence histochemistry was used to investigate the distribution and extent of co-localization of chemical messengers in magnocellular neurons of the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei. In order to increase the number of neurons immunoreactive to the antisera used, experimental manipulations were employed. The homozygous Brattleboro(More)
Magnocellular hypothalamic neurons of the paraventricular (PVN) and supraoptic (SON) nuclei have been shown to contain a wide variety of messenger molecules in addition to vasopressin and oxytocin, including the nitric oxide (NO)-synthesizing enzyme (NOS). In this paper we have investigated the effects of salt loading on the expression of NOS by means of(More)
BACKGROUND There is extensive research documenting serious deficiencies in undergraduate nursing education related to end-of-life care. Many nurses and nursing students have difficulties in dealing with death and report feeling anxious and unprepared to be with patients who are dying. In Argentina, education on palliative care, death, and dying has not been(More)
By using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, we have demonstrated that the nitric oxide (NO)-synthesizing enzyme NO synthase is present in gonadotrophs and in folliculo-stellate cells of the anterior pituitary gland of male and female rats. A marked increase in levels of NO synthase protein and mRNA was observed after gonadectomy. In vitro(More)
The peptides galanin (GAL), substance P (SP), and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) were analyzed with immunohistochemistry and radioimmunoassay in the spinal cord, dorsal root ganglia, dorsal roots, and sciatic nerve of normal rats and rats subjected to several experimental procedures, including ligation, crush, and/or sectioning of nerves. The(More)