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The present study evaluated the relationship between clonal diversity and some virulence traits of Streptococcus mutans isolated from eight caries-free and eight caries-active subjects. A total of 155 S. mutans isolates from caries-free subjects and 144 isolates from caries-active subjects were obtained from samples of saliva, dental plaque and tongue(More)
nephrine produces a ␤-adrenergic receptor-mediated mechanical hy-peralgesia and in vitro sensitization of nociceptor-like neurons in the rat. Hyperalgesic and noci-ceptor sensitizing effects mediated by the ␤-adrenergic receptor were evaluated in the rat. Intradermal injection of epinephrine, the major endogenous ligand for the ␤-adrenergic receptor, into(More)
In this study, we tested the potential use of a lectin from Lonchocarpus sericeus seeds (LSL), to control neutrophil migration and inflammatory hypernociception (decrease of nociceptive threshold). Pretreatment of the animals intravenously (15 min before) with LSL inhibited neutrophil migration to the peritoneal cavity in a dose-dependent fashion confirmed(More)
Neutrophil migration is responsible for tissue damage observed in inflammatory diseases. Neutrophils are also implicated in inflammatory nociception, but mechanisms of their participation have not been elucidated. In the present study, we addressed these mechanisms in the carrageenan-induced mechanical hypernociception, which was determined using a(More)
AIM Initial colonization of the tooth surface by streptococci involves the attachment of these bacteria to adsorbed salivary components of the acquired pellicle. In dental biofilm this adhesion may also involve lectin-like components, present on the surface of the organisms, which bind to complementary carbohydrates on the surface of the tooth. Therefore,(More)
Streptococcus mutans is the main pathogenic agent of dental caries. Glucosyltransferases (Gtfs) produced by these bacteria are important virulence factors because they catalyze the extracellular synthesis of glucans that are necessary for bacterial accumulation in the dental biofilm. The diversity of GtfB and GtfC isozymes was analyzed in 44 genotypes of S.(More)
Neutrophil migration is responsible for tissue damage observed in inflammatory diseases and is also implicated in inflammatory nociception. The use of lectins has been demonstrated to be effective in different activities including anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and in cancer therapy. In this study, we addressed the potential use of a lectin from(More)
Ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma), such as 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) have been implicated as a new class of anti-inflammatory compounds with possible clinical applications. Based on this concept, this investigation was designed to determine the effect of 15d-PGJ2-mediated activation of PPAR-gamma(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare the levels of cytokines IL-6, IL-10 and IL-17 and the chemokine IL-8 in the peri-implant crevicular fluid (PCF) between the group of patients with peri-implantitis (PP) and peri-implantar healthy patients (HP). DESIGN The PCF was collected from 40 implants regarding 25 patients, being 14 patients with PP and(More)
The 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)) is an endogenous ligand of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors gamma (PPAR-gamma) and is now recognized as a potent anti-inflammatory mediator. However, information regarding the influence of 15d-PGJ(2) on inflammatory pain is still unknown. In this study, we evaluated the effect of(More)