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The potential development of density currents in the Chicago River has been analyzed with the help of a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model. It was found that during the winter months, density currents can develop at the junction of the Chicago River with its North and South Branches. Such density underflows show a clear tendency to flow from the junction(More)
Modeling capabilities for shallow, vegetated, systems are reviewed to assess hydrodynamic, wind and wave, submersed plant friction, and sediment transport aspects. Typically, ecosystems with submersed aquatic vegetation are relatively shallow, physically stable and of moderate hydrodynamic energy. Wind-waves are often important to sediment resuspension.(More)
A finite volume model was built upon earlier work with the aim of simulating free surface flows, pressurized flows and their simultaneous occurrence (mixed flows) in single-liquid and two-phase flow conditions (entrapment and release of air pockets). The model presented herein is based on a two-governing equation model. Three main contributions are(More)
Bidirectional flows in a river system can occur under stratified flow conditions and in addition to creating significant errors in discharge estimates, the upstream propagating currents are capable of transporting contaminants and affecting water quality. Detailed field observations of bidirectional flows were made in the Chicago River in Chicago, Illinois(More)
RVR Meander was developed as a toolbox for modeling restoration and naturalization processes in rivers. This model includes Windows-based and Geographical Information System-based programs for analyzing and modeling planform migration of streams. In the past, several rivers have been channelized causing environmental and ecological problems. Restoration(More)
A numerical model for local scour with free surface and automatic mesh deformation is constructed and numerical simulation is carried out to compare with experimental results. The k-model is used to simulate the turbulent flow field. Two interfaces (water and air, water and sediment) in the domain are captured with different approaches. The free surface of(More)
The size distribution of a particle suspension can be inferred from studying the diffracted light pattern produced by a laser beam that passes through the suspension. This involves solving an ill-posed linear system. Two previous versions of projection algorithms were tested by use of computer simulations and experiments. Both algorithms showed limitations(More)
Regional change in the variability and magnitude of flooding could be a major consequence of future global climate change. Extreme floods have the capacity to rapidly transform landscapes and expose landscape vulnerabilities through highly variable spatial patterns of inundation, erosion, and deposition. We use the historic activation of the Birds Point-New(More)
A junction and drop-shaft boundary conditions (BCs) for one-dimensional modeling of transient flows in single-phase conditions (pure liquid) are formulated, implemented and their accuracy are evaluated using two Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) models. The BCs are formulated for the case when mixed flows are simulated using two sets of governing(More)