Marcelo Gomes Granja

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Ouabain is a steroid hormone that binds to the enzyme Na(+), K(+) - ATPase and stimulates different intracellular pathways controlling growth, proliferation and cell survival. IL-1β and TNF-α are pleiotropic molecules, conventionally regarded as pro-inflammatory cytokines with well-known effects in the immune system. In addition, IL-1β and TNF-α also play(More)
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is a pleiotropic cytokine that regulates several phenomena, among them survival and differentiation of neuronal and glial cells. The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of IL-4 on the cholinergic differentiation of neonatal rat retinal cells in vitro, evaluating its effect on the levels of cholinergic markers(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) pathway plays important roles in different phenomena in nervous system development. Our previous data demonstrated that phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) treatment, a PKC activator, for 48 h decreases retinal cells proliferation by a mechanism mediated by muscarinic receptor activation, involving a decrease in M1 receptors levels.(More)
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