Marcelo Fracalossi de Moraes

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OBJECTIVE To identify biochemical and dietary factors which may play a role in the low incidence of stone formation in the black South African population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The study included 31 semiurbanized black and 29 urbanized white subjects. The protocol and modern laboratory techniques used to assess recurrent stone formers were followed.(More)
The activity of aztreonam (a beta-lactam antibiotic with specific activity against gram-negative bacteria) was evaluated and compared with that of tobramycin in hospitalized patients with severe intra-abdominal infections due to gram-negative pathogens, either alone or in association with other bacteria. Of a total study population of 156 patients, 76 were(More)
Sixty-six patients with acute intraabdominal infections due to gram-negative aerobic organisms were treated with aztreonam plus clindamycin or with tobramycin plus clindamycin in a multicenter, comparative, randomized study. The patients had undergone a variety of surgical procedures; most of them had peritonitis. Thirty-three of the 36 patients in the(More)
A 2-year retrospective study of aetiology, age distribution, seasonal variation and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of bacteria isolated from patients with meningitis in five Johannesburg hospitals for White, Black, Coloured and Asian patients was performed. Neisseria meningitidis was isolated most frequently, followed by Streptococcus pneumoniae,(More)
In conscious chronic (12 to 18 weeks) streptozotocin diabetic rats, we examined the changes in basal heart rate, with particular attention to heart rate variability assessed by evaluating the standard deviation (bpm) of the lengths of adjacent pulse pressure. We also investigated in anesthetized rats the ability of the aortic baroreceptors to acutely (30(More)
The authors studied the immunological response before and after beginning anti-tuberculous therapy, of a previously health, HIV negative, 22 year old black male, from the Republic of Cape Verde. The patient had multiple vertebral bony lesions associated to subcutaneous abscesses. As immunological markers of antigen recognition, we measured blastogenic and(More)
Hyperreactive malarial splenomegaly is thought to represent an immunological dysfunction due to recurrent episodes of malaria. The authors present a case of hyperreactive malarial splenomegaly in a patient from São Tomé e Príncipe and discuss aspects of its differential diagnosis and treatment. A revision is made of recent concepts related to its(More)
Hepatopulmonary Syndrome is an uncommon clinical situation of unknown cause. It remains the focus of intense investigation and ongoing debate. The authors present a case of a 77 year old man with chronic liver disease known for 5 years, who developed central cyanoses, digital clubbing and hypoxemia. On searching for the cause of these clinical features, the(More)