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Virulence factors of Verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) strains isolated from hamburgers and ground beef were studied in Argentina by PCR. Their virulence profiles were correlated with those corresponding to strains isolated from calves and adult cattle. Most virulent profiles (VTs+ eae+ Mp+) were present in E. coli from healthy and diarrheic(More)
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) cause foodborne pathogenic disease that is shed in the feces of cattle. The aim of this study was to evaluate how early young calves are colonized by STEC strains, potentially pathogenic for humans, and the prevalence in different calf categories. From 808 rectal swabs analyzed by PCR, 38% were stx positive. The(More)
Argentina has the highest incidence of HUS in the world. HUS is produced by STEC O157 and non-O157. Cattle's faeces and hides are sources of STEC contamination of carcasses during slaughter. We investigated the presence of STEC in carcasses and cuts of meat in the marketing chain in an agricultural city located in Buenos Aires Province (Argentina). In this(More)
Grazing-fed cattle were previously demonstrated to be reservoir of non-O157 Shigatoxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) serotypes in Argentina. The acid-resistance of some STEC strains makes it reasonable to assume the presence in feedlot of particular STEC serotypes. Fifty-nine animals were sampled every 2 weeks during 6 months by rectal swabs. Twenty-seven of(More)
The presence of porcine toxigenic E. coli (ETEC, VTEC) in 28 piggeries (5% of total) of the central and northeast region of Argentina was studied for a better understanding of the epidemiology of porcine strains. Samples were taken by rectal swabs from healthy piglets and from those with diarrhoea, in addition to their dams. Between 5-10 colonies were(More)
A total of 153 Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) isolates from feces of cattle and beef products (hamburgers and ground beef) in Argentina were characterized in this study. PCR showed that 22 (14%) isolates carried stx1 genes, 113 (74%) possessed stx2 genes and 18 (12%) both stx1 and stx2. Intimin (eae), enterohemolysin (ehxA), and STEC(More)
AIMS To feno-genotypically characterize the Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) population in Argentinean dairy cows. METHODS AND RESULTS From 540 STEC positive samples, 170 isolates were analyzed by multiplex PCR and serotyping. Of these, 11% carried stx1, 52% stx2 and 37% stx1/stx2. The ehxA, saa and eae were detected in 77%, 66% and 3%,(More)
BACKGROUND Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) is considered to be common cause of haemorrhagic colitis (HC), thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) in humans. In a previous paper, we have demonstrated that EHEC are commonly found in the intestines of livestock. Infections in humans are, in part, a consequence of(More)
The conformational preferences of the amino sulfonic acid taurine (NH(2)-CH(2)-CH(2)-SO(3)H) have been investigated in the gas phase by laser ablation molecular beam Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy (LA-MB-FTMW) in the 6-14 GHz frequency range. One conformer has been observed, and its rotational, centrifugal distortion, and hyperfine quadrupole(More)
Isolated model anion chromophores of the green and cyan fluorescent proteins were generated in an electrospray ion source, and their photodetachment spectra were recorded using photoelectron imaging. Vertical photodetachment energies of 2.85(10) and 4.08(10) eV have been measured for the model green fluorescent protein chromophore anion, corresponding to(More)