Marcelo Dascal

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The notion of literal meaning was once so unproblematic that it would easily fit Arnauld’s description: it was one of those notions that are “so clear that they cannot be explained through others, because there are none which are clearer and simpler than them.” But in our century, its fate has not been different from that of so many other notions previously(More)
In my recent defense of literal’meaning (Dascal, 1987), my main concern was to show that such a theoretical construct is “psychologically real”. At least in one sense, Gibbs (1989, p. 249) grants this point. For he acknowledges that the meanings I call “literal” are among the “variety of products that result from language understanding,” and adds: “Nobody(More)
Artificial intelligence, conceived either as an attempt to provide models of human cognition or as the development of programs able to perform ‘intelligent’ tasks, is primarily interested in theuses of language. It should be concerned, therefore, withpragmatics. But its concern with pragmatics should not be restricted to the narrow, traditional conception(More)
s of the Papers Copyright © by SORITES and the authors ABSTRACTS OF THE PAPERSS OF THE PAPERS #$#$#$#$#%#$#$#$#$#%#$#$#$#$#%#$#$#$#$# REFERENCE CHANGE OF NATURAL KIND TERMS by Luis Fernández Moreno Kuhn’s thesis of referential incommensurability rests on the thesis of reference change according to which theory change involves reference change. One of Kuhn’s(More)
s of the Papers (pp. 4-6) A Classicist’s Note on Two-, Three-, and Four-Valued Logic by Joseph S. Fulda (pp. 7-9) One for Leibniz Vernon Pratt (pp. 10-20) Logic and Necessary Being by Matthew McKeon (pp. 21-35) Aristotelian and Modern Logic by Katalin Havas (pp. 36-40) On Behalf of the Fool: Moore and Our Knowledge of the Existence of Material Objects by(More)
We describe and analyze an important cognitive obstacle in interand intra-community argumentation processes, which we propose to call 'Cognitive Systemic Dichotomization' (CSD). This social phenomenon consists in the collective use of shared cognitive patterns based upon dichotomous schematization of knowledge, values, and affection. We discuss the(More)
I. Western conceptions of rationality have been dominated by one image: that of the balance. According to this image, human rationality rests essentially on our capacity of weighing. Animals react instinctively and emotively to their environment and to their impulses. Humans, on the contrary, are able to escape from the influence of immediate stimuli(More)
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