Marcelo Dascal

Learn More
Technological advances have been an integral part of human development throughout history. In recent decades such advances have been dramatic in that many of the new technologies have quickly penetrated into activities in the daily life of ordinary people. In contrast to very specific technologies (such as in the medical domain, which are used by highly(More)
If we had a balance of reasons, where the arguments presented in favor and against the case were weighed precisely and the verdict could be pronounced in favor of the most inclined scale ... [we would have] a more valuable art than that miraculous science of producing gold. —Gottfried W. Leibniz I. Western conceptions of rationality have been dominated by(More)
We describe and analyze an important cognitive obstacle in inter-and intra-community ar-gumentation processes, which we propose to call 'Cognitive Systemic Dichotomization' (CSD). This social phenomenon consists in the collective use of shared cognitive patterns based upon dichotomous schemati-zation of knowledge, values, and affection. We discuss the(More)
On se demande en quel sens il serait permis de décrire comme progressives les transformations qu'a connues l'économie normative du 20ème siècle. On propose alors un critère simple de progrès qui convienne aux séquences de théories normatives, et on le fait jouer sur la transition historique de la nouvelle économie du bien-être à la théorie du choix social.(More)
The paper discusses the sense in which the changes undergone by normative economics in the 20 th century can be said to be progressive. A simple criterion is proposed to decide whether a sequence of normative theories is progressive. This criterion is put to use on the historical transition from the new welfare economics to social choice theory. The paper(More)
  • 1