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HslUV is a "prokaryotic proteasome" composed of the HslV protease and the HslU ATPase, a chaperone of the Clp/Hsp100 family. The 3.4 A crystal structure of an HslUV complex is presented here. Two hexameric ATP binding rings of HslU bind intimately to opposite sides of the HslV protease; the HslU "intermediate domains" extend outward from the complex. The(More)
Guanylate cyclase-activating proteins (GCAPs) are Ca(2+)-binding proteins myristoylated at the N terminus that regulate guanylate cyclases in photoreceptor cells and belong to the family of neuronal calcium sensors (NCS). Many NCS proteins display a recoverin-like "calcium-myristoyl switch" whereby the myristoyl group, buried inside the protein in the(More)
The UDP-Glc:glycoprotein glucosyltransferase is a soluble enzyme of the endoplasmic reticulum that glucosylates protein-linked Man7-9GlcNAc2 to form the monoglucosylated derivatives. In vivo the reaction products are immediately deglucosylated by glucosidase II. The glucosyltransferase has a unique property: it glucosylates misfolded, but not native,(More)
It was found, in cell-free assays, that the Man8GlcNAc2 and Man7GlcNAc2 isomers having the mannose unit to which the glucose is added were glucosylated by the rat liver glucosyltransferase at 50 and 15%, respectively, of the rate of Man9GlcNAc2 glucosylation. This indicates that processing by endoplasmic reticulum mannosidases decreases the extent of(More)
On the basis of the structure of a HslUV complex, a mechanism of allosteric activation of the HslV protease, wherein binding of the HslU chaperone propagates a conformational change to the active site cleft of the protease, has been proposed. Here, the 3.1 A X-ray crystallographic structure of Haemophilus influenzae HslUV complexed with a vinyl sulfone(More)
Absorption of light by visual pigments initiates the phototransduction pathway that results in degradation of the intracellular pool of cyclic-GMP (cGMP). This hydrolysis promotes the closing of cGMP-gated cation channels and consequent hyperpolarization of rod and cone photoreceptor cell membranes. Guanylate cyclase-activating proteins (GCAPs) are a family(More)
BACKGROUND The universal stress protein UspA is a small cytoplasmic bacterial protein whose expression is enhanced several-fold when cellular viability is challenged with heat shock, nutrient starvation, stress agents which arrest cell growth, or DNA-damaging agents. UspA enhances the rate of cell survival during prolonged exposure to such conditions,(More)
The mechanism by which ATP binding transduces a conformational change in 70-kDa heat shock proteins that results in release of bound peptides remains obscure. Wei and Hendershot demonstrated that mutating Thr37 of hamster BiP to glycine impeded the ATP-induced conformational change, as monitored by proteolysis [(1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 26670-26676]. We(More)
The structure of the Haemophilus influenzae HslV protease of the HslUV 'prokaryotic proteasome' has been solved by molecular replacement and refined with data to 1.9 A resolution. The protease is a 'double donut' of hexameric rings; two alternative sets of intermolecular interactions between protomers in the rings result in 'quasi-equivalent' packing within(More)
Vertebrate visual phototransduction represents one of the best-characterized G-protein-coupled receptor-mediated signaling pathways. Structural analyses of rhodopsin, G protein, arrestin and several other phototransduction components have revealed common folds and motifs that are important for function. Static and dynamic information has been acquired(More)