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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hemodynamic factors are thought to play an important role in the initiation, growth, and rupture of cerebral aneurysms. This report describes a pilot clinical study of the association between intra-aneurysmal hemodynamic characteristics from computational fluid dynamic models and the rupture of cerebral aneurysms. METHODS A total of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The anterior communicating artery (AcomA) is a predilect location of aneurysms which typically carry higher rupture risks than other locations in the anterior circulation. The purpose of this study was to characterize the different flow types present in AcomA aneurysms and to investigate possible associations with rupture. MATERIALS(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Studies have shown that the occurrence of brain aneurysms and risk of rupture vary between locations. However, the reason that aneurysms at different branches of the cerebral arteries have different clinical presentations is not clear. Because research has indicated that aneurysm hemodynamics may be one of the important factors(More)
Hemodynamic factors are thought to be implicated in the progression and rupture of intracranial aneurysms. Current efforts aim to study the possible associations of hemodynamic characteristics such as complexity and stability of intra-aneurysmal flow patterns, size and location of the region of flow impingement with the clinical history of aneurysmal(More)
The purpose of this study is to examine and compare the hemodynamic characteristics of small aneurysms at the same anatomical location. Six internal carotid artery-ophthalmic artery aneurysms smaller than 10 mm were selected. Image-based computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques were used to simulate aneurysm hemodynamics. Flow velocity and wall shear(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to show the influence of the upstream parent artery geometry on intraaneurysmal hemodynamics of cerebral aneurysms. METHODS Patient-specific models of 4 cerebral aneurysms (1 posterior communicating artery [PcomA], 2 middle cerebral artery [MCA], and 1 anterior communicating artery [AcomA]) were constructed from 3D(More)
Subject-specific computational and experimental models of hemodynamics in cerebral aneurysms require the specification of physiologic flow conditions. Because patient-specific flow data are not always available, researchers have used 'typical' or population average flow rates and waveforms. However, in order to be able to compare the magnitude of(More)
Considerable evidence has emerged that adverse blood flow patterns are a major factor in the onset of atherosclerotic disease and may play a role in disease progression. This chapter reviews a technique, referred to as vascular computational fluid dynamics (CFD), for characterizing blood flow patterns in large arteries from magnetic resonance angiography(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Previous studies of aneurysm flow dynamics based on three-dimensional (3D) rotational angiography (RA) images were limited to aneurysms with a single route of blood inflow. However, aneurysms of the circle of Willis frequently involve locations with more than one source of inflow, such as aneurysms of the anterior communicating(More)
Haemodynamics, and in particular wall shear stress, is thought to play a critical role in the progression and rupture of intracranial aneurysms. A novel method is presented that combines image-based wall motion estimation obtained through non-rigid registration with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations in order to provide realistic(More)