Marcelo A. Marti

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Nitroxyl (HNO) is a redox sibling of nitric oxide (NO) that targets distinct signalling pathways with pharmacological endpoints of high significance in the treatment of heart failure. Beneficial HNO effects depend, in part, on its ability to release calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) through an unidentified mechanism. Here we propose that HNO is(More)
In contrast to the wide spectrum of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, there are only 2 heme-based dioxygenases in humans: tryptophan dioxygenase (hTDO) and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (hIDO). hTDO and hIDO catalyze the same oxidative ring cleavage reaction of L-tryptophan to N-formyl kynurenine, the initial and rate-limiting step of the kynurenine pathway.(More)
Truncated hemoglobin-N is believed to constitute a defense mechanism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis against NO produced by macrophages, which is converted to the harmless nitrate anion. This process is catalyzed very efficiently, as the enzyme activity is limited by ligand diffusion. By using extended molecular dynamics simulations we explore the mechanism(More)
In 2012 an estimated 8.6 million people developed tuberculosis (TB) and 1.3 million died from the disease [including 320 000 deaths among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive people]. There is an urgent need for new anti-TB drugs owing to the following: the fact that current treatments have severe side effects, the increasing emergence of(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis truncated hemoglobin, HbN, is endowed with a potent nitric-oxide dioxygenase activity and has been found to relieve nitrosative stress and enhance in vivo survival of a heterologous host, Salmonella enterica Typhimurium, within the macrophages. These findings implicate involvement of HbN in the defense of M. tuberculosis against(More)
INTRODUCTION Clinical genomics promise to be especially suitable for the study of etiologically heterogeneous conditions such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Here we present three siblings with ASD where we evaluated the usefulness of Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) for the diagnostic approach to ASD. METHODS We identified a family segregating ASD in(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of human tuberculosis, is forced into latency by nitric oxide produced by macrophages during infection. In response to nitrosative stress M. tuberculosis has evolved a defense mechanism that relies on the oxygenated form of "truncated hemoglobin" N (trHbN), formally acting as NO-dioxygenase, yielding the(More)
BACKGROUND The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is a transcription factor that regulates gene expression in a ligand-dependent fashion. This modular protein is one of the major pharmacological targets due to its involvement in both cause and treatment of many human diseases. Intense efforts have been made to get information about the molecular basis of GR(More)
Truncated hemoglobins (trHbs) are heme proteins present in bacteria, unicellular eukaryotes, and higher plants. Their tertiary structure consists in a 2-over-2 helical sandwich, which display typically an inner tunnel/cavity system for ligand migration and/or storage. The microorganism Bacillus subtilis contains a peculiar trHb, which does not show an(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the causative agent of human tuberculosis. The nitric oxide reaction with oxy-truncated hemoglobin N (trHbN) has been proposed to be responsible for the resistance mechanism by which this microorganism can evade the toxic effects of NO. In this work, we explore the molecular basis of the NO detoxification mechanism using a(More)