Marcelo A. Carvalho

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Germ line inactivating mutations in BRCA1 confer susceptibility for breast and ovarian cancer. However, the relevance of the many missense changes in the gene for which the effect on protein function is unknown remains unclear. Determination of which variants are causally associated with cancer is important for assessment of individual risk. We used a(More)
The product of the breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1 has been implicated in several aspects of the DNA damage response but its biochemical function in these processes has remained elusive. In order to probe BRCA1 function we conducted a yeast two-hybrid screening to identify interacting partners to a conserved motif (Motif 6) in the(More)
Germline mutations in the tumor suppressor gene BRCA1 confer an estimated lifetime risk of 56-80% for breast cancer and 15-60% for ovarian cancer. Since the mid 1990s when BRCA1 was identified, genetic testing has revealed over 1,500 unique germline variants. However, for a significant number of these variants, the effect on protein function is unknown(More)
Many individuals tested for inherited cancer susceptibility at the BRCA1 gene locus are discovered to have variants of unknown clinical significance (UCVs). Most UCVs cause a single amino acid residue (missense) change in the BRCA1 protein. They can be biochemically assayed, but such evaluations are time-consuming and labor-intensive. Computational methods(More)
Eukaryotic cells have evolved an intricate system to resolve DNA damage to prevent its transmission to daughter cells. This system, collectively known as the DNA damage response (DDR) network, includes many proteins that detect DNA damage, promote repair, and coordinate progression through the cell cycle. Because defects in this network can lead to cancer,(More)
BACKGROUND Inactivating germline mutations in the tumour suppressor gene BRCA1 are associated with a significantly increased risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer. A large number (>1500) of unique BRCA1 variants have been identified in the population and can be classified as pathogenic, non-pathogenic or as variants of unknown significance (VUS).(More)
Recent evidence from a wide variety of biological systems has indicated important regulatory roles for post-translation histone modifications in cellular processes such as regulation of gene expression, DNA damage response and recombination. Phosphorylation of histone H2AX at serine 139 is a critical event in the response to DNA damage, but the functional(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is one of the major cytokines involved in control of haemopoiesis both in bone marrow and in extramedullar sites. Its biological activity depends upon the composition and physicochemical properties of the microenvironment provided by the supporting stroma. GM-CSF activity is modulated and controlled(More)
Genetic testing for the two major breast cancer susceptibility genes has now been available for several years with more than 70,000 people tested in the USA alone. While the current genetic testing identifies many sequence alterations there are problems with both sensitivity and specificity of the assay. In particular, the genetic testing is limited in its(More)
A number of germ-line mutations in the BRCA1 gene confer susceptibility to breast and ovarian cancer. However, it remains difficult to determine whether many single amino-acid (missense) changes in the BRCA1 protein that are frequently detected in the clinical setting are pathologic or not. Here, we used a combination of functional, crystallographic,(More)