Marcello di Nisio

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BACKGROUND Studies with methodologic shortcomings can overestimate the accuracy of a medical test. We sought to determine and compare the direction and magnitude of the effects of a number of potential sources of bias and variation in studies on estimates of diagnostic accuracy. METHODS We identified meta-analyses of the diagnostic accuracy of tests(More)
BACKGROUND Hemato-oncology patients treated with intensive chemotherapy usually require the placement of a central venous catheter (CVC). CVCs are frequently complicated by catheter-related central venous thrombosis (CVT), which has been associated with an increased risk of pulmonary embolism and catheter-related infection. OBJECTIVES To determine the(More)
Blood and other body f luids contain cell-derived microvesicles. The presence of microvesicles in cancer patients was already noticed in the late 1970s. Since then, the prothrombotic state in cancer patients has invariably been associated with the presence of such microvesicles. More recently, a growing body of evidence supports an important contribution of(More)
BACKGROUND The best available test for the diagnosis of upper extremity deep venous thrombosis (UEDVT) is contrast venography. The aim of this systematic review was to assess whether the diagnostic accuracy of other tests for clinically suspected UEDVT is high enough to justify their use in clinical practise and to evaluate if any test can replace(More)
BACKGROUND Since hypercoagulability might result in recurrent pregnancy loss, anticoagulant agents could potentially increase the live-birth rate in subsequent pregnancies in women with either inherited thrombophilia or unexplained pregnancy loss. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy and safety of anticoagulant agents, such as aspirin and heparin, in women(More)
While the association between cancer and symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) is well established, the incidence and risk factors for incidental VTE in cancer patients remain unclear. The medical records of 1,921 consecutive cancer patients starting chemotherapy from January 2003 up to March 2009 were identified. Patients with a positive history of VTE(More)
BACKGROUND Since hypercoagulability might result in recurrent miscarriage, anticoagulant agents could potentially increase the live-birth rate in subsequent pregnancies in women with either inherited thrombophilia or unexplained recurrent miscarriage. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy and safety of anticoagulant agents, such as aspirin and heparin, in(More)
BACKGROUND Venous thromboembolism (VTE) often complicates the clinical course of cancer disease. The risk is further increased by chemotherapy but the safety and efficacy of primary thromboprophylaxis in cancer patients treated with chemotherapy is uncertain. OBJECTIVES To assess the efficacy and safety of primary thromboprophylaxis in ambulatory cancer(More)
Polycythemia vera (PV) is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder whose major morbidity and mortality are thrombohaemorragic events and progression to acute leukaemia or myelofibrosis. Whether the haematocrit and platelet count predict such complications remains unclear. The European Collaboration on Low-dose Aspirin in Polycythemia Vera prospective study(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal treatment of superficial thrombophlebitis (ST) of the legs remains poorly defined. While improving or relieving the local painful symptoms, treatment should aim at preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE), which might complicate the natural history of ST. OBJECTIVES To assess the efficacy and safety of topical, medical, and surgical(More)