Marcello Tiseo

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BACKGROUND Because the efficacy of carboplatin and cisplatin in the treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been proven to be equivalent, an individual patient data meta-analysis comparing the two treatments was performed. METHODS Randomized trials comparing carboplatin to cisplatin in first-line treatment of advanced NSCLC were(More)
Lung neuroendocrine tumors are catalogued in four categories by the World Health Organization (WHO 2004) classification. Its reproducibility and prognostic efficacy was disputed. The WHO 2010 classification of digestive neuroendocrine neoplasms is based on Ki67 proliferation assessment and proved prognostically effective. This study aims at comparing these(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND Cisplatin, a standard component of combination chemotherapy for several tumors, presents important anti-tumor properties but also several toxic effects. In particular, the major dose-limiting effect appears to be renal toxicity. In several countries, to reduce nephrotoxicity after cisplatin administration, a 24-h hydration is recommended(More)
Lung cancer is a major cause of death in Western countries. Current screening methods are invasive and still lead to a high percentage of false positives. There is, therefore, a need to find biomarkers that increase the probability of detecting lung cancer early. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are stable molecules in blood plasma and exhaled breath condensate (EBC). We(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a validated target for therapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Most patients, however, either do not benefit or develop resistance to specific inhibitors of the EGFR tyrosine kinase activity, such as gefitinib or erlotinib. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key intracellular kinase(More)
Background:The FAST was a factorial trial in first-line treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), addressing the role of replacing cisplatin with a non-platinum agent. The prognostic and predictive effect of ERCC1/BRCA1 expression and ERCC1/XPD/XRCC1–3 gene polymorphisms on outcomes of patients was examined.Methods:Patients were randomised(More)
The fusion gene EML4-ALK (echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 gene and the anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene) was recently identified as a novel genetic alteration in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). EML4-ALK translocations correlate with specific clinical and pathological features, in particular lack of EGFR and K-ras mutations, and may be(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate whether cytidine deaminase (CDA) polymorphisms 79A>C and 435C>T and/or CDA enzymatic activity influenced clinical outcome in 126 advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients treated with gemcitabine-platinum-regimens. PATIENTS AND METHODS CDA polymorphisms and activity were analysed by PCR and(More)
This study aimed to assess the usefulness of multiplanar reformations (MPR) during multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT)-guided percutaneous needle biopsy of lung lesions difficult to access with the guidance of the native axial images alone owing to overlying bony structures, large vessels or pleural fissures. MDCT-guided transthoracic needle biopsy(More)
Gefitinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) especially effective in tumors with activating EGFR gene mutations while EGFR wild-type non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients at present do not benefit from this treatment. The primary site of gefitinib metabolism is the liver, nevertheless tumor cell(More)