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INTRODUCTION Patients with sepsis often receive large amounts of fluids and the presence of capillary leak, trauma or bleeding results in ongoing fluid resuscitation. This increases interstitial and intestinal edema and finally leads to intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH), which in turn impedes lymphatic drainage. Patients with IAH often develop secondary(More)
BACKGROUND Tracheal pressure (P(tr)) is required to measure the resistance of the tracheal tube and the breathing circuit. P(tr) can either be measured with a catheter or, alternatively, calculated from the pressure-flow data available from the ventilator. METHODS Calculated P(tr) was compared with measured P(tr) during controlled ventilation and assisted(More)
BACKGROUND The laparoscopic approach is becoming increasingly frequent for many different surgical procedures. However, the combination of pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg positioning associated with this approach may increase the patient's risk for elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). Given that the gold standard for the measurement of ICP is invasive,(More)
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