Marcello Giovanni Franceschi

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Biodemographic methods are widely used to infer the genetic structure of human populations. In this study, we revise and standardize the procedures required by the migration matrix model of Malécot ([1950] Ann Univ Lyon Sci [A] 13:37-60), testing it in large historical-demographic databases of 85 populations from three mountain valleys with different(More)
Changes over 100 years (1887-1986) in degree of isolation of 21 parishes of the Lima valley, Italy, were assessed using surname analysis. Crow and Mange's inbreeding coefficients and Lasker and Kaplan's repeated pair values were calculated using 8026 marriage records; temporal changes were assessed by dividing birth cohorts into 4 time periods of 25 years(More)
DA/DAPI and C chromosomal heteromorphic sites (1q, 9q, 15p, 16q, Yq) in a sample of 136 unrelated individuals from the Garfagnana valley (Tuscany, Italy) have been analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. The variations in length, between-homolog heteromorphisms, and intensity of fluorescence of the heterochromatic bands have been compared in two(More)
We investigate the influence of within-parish similarity level on between-parish similarity pattern in surname analysis through a study of the relative roles of various isolation factors accounting for the population structure within a municipality (21 parishes) in the hilly part of northern Tuscany. One surname per family was collected (N = 3052), and the(More)
Blood group systems ABO, KEL, MN, RH, secretor status for ABH blood group substances, red cell enzymes ACP1, ESD, AK1, 6-PGD, PGM1 subtypes, serum markers GC, TF, PI, AHSG, ORM1 and chromosomal heteromorphism Q, C, DA/DAPI were examined in a population sample of the Garfagnana, a semi-isolated mountainous area in the province of Lucca (Tuscany, Italy). The(More)
The relationship between geographic isolation and historical-demographic features and genetic structure and pattern of variation of genetic markers was analyzed in the population of Garfagnana, a semi-isolated mountainous area in the province of Lucca (Italy), taking into account hierarchical subdivisions. A random sample of unrelated individuals, whose(More)
The genetic structure and interrelationships of six populations of the Garfagnana valley (Tuscany, Italy) were examined using chromosomal heteromorphisms concurrently with blood group system, red cell isozyme, and serum protein polymorphisms, secretor status, and surname frequency data. We aimed to evaluate the relationship of cytogenetic polymorphisms to(More)
A comparison of population structures based on isonymy and on gene frequencies (ABO, Rh, Kell) was conducted for a sample of 28,205 individuals residing in three different provinces (Lucca, Massa Carrara, La Spezia) in northwest Italy, on the basis of both chronological and spatial subgroupings. Relationships between and within population subsamples were(More)
A hierarchical partition of the Wright coefficient of inbreeding (F) is shown for an isolated population (about 2000 inhabitants) from a mountainous region of Tuscany (Italy) with regard to both surnames and genes. At total population level surname variation proves substantially consistent with the observed genetic differentiation of the isolate. Analysis(More)
A data set of 16 autosomal STRs (the 13 CODIS loci plus HumCD4, HumFES, HumF13A1) was obtained in a sample of 52 unrelated Hutus from Rwanda. Genotypes at all loci met Hardy-Weinberg expectations with the exception of HumCSF1PO. No significant evidence of association across alleles at independent loci was obtained. Statistical parameters demonstrated the(More)
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