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Studies of working memory load effects on human EEG power have indicated divergent effects in different frequency bands. Although gamma power typically increases with load, the load dependency of the lower frequency theta and alpha bands is uncertain. We obtained intracranial electroencephalography measurements from 1453 electrode sites in 14 epilepsy(More)
The ability to provide sensory feedback is desired to enhance the functionality of neuroprosthetics. Somatosensory feedback provides closed-loop control to the motor system, which is lacking in feedforward neuroprosthetics. In the case of existing somatosensory function, a template of the natural response can be used as a template of desired response(More)
Microstimulation (MiSt) is used experimentally and clinically to activate localized populations of neural elements. However, it is difficult to predict-and subsequently control-neural responses to simultaneous current injection through multiple electrodes in an array. This is due to the unknown locations of neuronal elements in the extracellular medium that(More)
Ictal single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a powerful tool for noninvasive seizure localization, but it has been underutilized because of practical challenges, including difficulty in implementing ictal-interictal SPECT difference analysis. We previously validated a freely available utility for this purpose, ictal-interictal subtraction(More)
This paper describes the development and application of methods to integrate research image analysis methods and software with a commercial image guided surgery navigation system (the BrainLAB VectorVision Cranial System.) The integration was achieved using a custom designed client/server architecture termed VectorVision Link (VV Link) which extends(More)
Decision-making ability in the frontal lobe (among other brain structures) relies on the assignment of value to states of the animal and its environment. Then higher valued states can be pursued and lower (or negative) valued states avoided. The same principle forms the basis for computational reinforcement learning controllers, which have been fruitfully(More)
Modern systems neuroscience benefits from the ability to record from and digitize a large amount of functional data from hundreds or even thousands of neurons. Understanding, transmitting, storing, and parsing information of such volume and complexity calls for methods of dimensionality reduction. One observation about neuronal activity in mammalian brains(More)
A 72-year-old woman 12 years status-post partial mastectomy, adjuvant radiation, and five years of anastrozole for stage I estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor positive breast adeno-carcinoma presented with neck pain. MRI showed extensive metastatic disease involving the skull and the vertebral bodies of the cervical and thoracic spine. She was started(More)
Recording the activity of large populations of neurons requires new methods to analyze and use the large volumes of time series data thus created. Fast and clear methods for finding functional connectivity are an important step toward the goal of understanding neural processing. This problem presents itself readily in somatosensory neuroprosthesis (SSNP)(More)