Marcello Costa

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A strategy has been developed to identify and quantify the different neurochemical populations of myenteric neurons in the guinea-pig ileum using double-labelling fluorescence immunohistochemistry of whole-mount preparations. First, six histochemical markers were used to identify exclusive, non-overlapping populations of nerve cell bodies. They included(More)
The distribution of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) immunoreactivity was investigated in the guinea-pig small intestine. There were many immunoreactive nerve cell bodies in the myenteric plexus but very few in submucous ganglia. NOS immunoreactivity was not found in non-neuronal cells except for rare mucosal endocrine cells. Abundant immunoreactive nerve fibres(More)
Motor neurons which innervate the circular muscle layer of the guinea-pig small intestine were retrogradely labelled, in vitro, with the carbocyanine dye, DiI, applied to the deep muscular plexus. By combining retrograde tracing and immunohistochemistry, the chemical coding of motor neurons was investigated. Five classes of neuron could be distinguished on(More)
Immunoreactive nerve cell bodies and fibres in the intestine have been examined using three antibody preparations raised against 5-hydroxytryptamine. Cross reactivity studies indicate that the substance localized was an hydroxylated indoleamine. In the guinea-pig small intestine, nerve cell bodies were located in the myenteric plexus and varicose fibres(More)
A technique for performing correlated light and electron microscopic immunocytochemical studies on whole mount preparations has been developed using myenteric plexus from guinea pig small intestine as a model. With this method a structure containing a particular antigen can first be located by light microscopy and then examined with the electron microscope.(More)
Experiments were undertaken to define the electrophysiological characteristics and shapes of neurons in the myenteric plexus of the guinea-pig ileum that are immunoreactive for calcium binding proteins. Recordings were made from the neurons with intracellular microelectrodes containing a mixture of the fluorescent dye Lucifer yellow and KCl solution. The(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) has been immunohistochemically co-localized with substance P (SP) in capsaicin-sensitive, varicose axons supplying the skin, viscera and cardiovascular system of the guinea pig. After treatment with colchicine in vitro, 82% of SP neurons in the dorsal root ganglia contained CGRP-like immunoreactivity while 96% of CGRP(More)
It is well established that acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter at several distinct sites in the mammalian enteric nervous system. However, identification of the cholinergic neurons has not been possible due to an inability to selectively label enteric cholinergic neurons. In the present study an immunohistochemical method has been developed to localize(More)