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The distribution of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) immunoreactivity was investigated in the guinea-pig small intestine. There were many immunoreactive nerve cell bodies in the myenteric plexus but very few in submucous ganglia. NOS immunoreactivity was not found in non-neuronal cells except for rare mucosal endocrine cells. Abundant immunoreactive nerve fibres(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) has been immunohistochemically co-localized with substance P (SP) in capsaicin-sensitive, varicose axons supplying the skin, viscera and cardiovascular system of the guinea pig. After treatment with colchicine in vitro, 82% of SP neurons in the dorsal root ganglia contained CGRP-like immunoreactivity while 96% of CGRP(More)
Changes in the distribution of 5-hydroxytryptamine-like immunoreactivity have been examined in enteric neurons at various times after microsurgical lesions of the enteric plexuses. In the myenteric plexus, varicose immunoreactive nerve fibres disappeared or were reduced in number in ganglia anal to an interruption of the myenteric plexus. Up to about 2 mm(More)
Motor neurons which innervate the circular muscle layer of the guinea-pig small intestine were retrogradely labelled, in vitro, with the carbocyanine dye, DiI, applied to the deep muscular plexus. By combining retrograde tracing and immunohistochemistry, the chemical coding of motor neurons was investigated. Five classes of neuron could be distinguished on(More)
Experiments were undertaken to define the electrophysiological characteristics and shapes of neurons in the myenteric plexus of the guinea-pig ileum that are immunoreactive for calcium binding proteins. Recordings were made from the neurons with intracellular microelectrodes containing a mixture of the fluorescent dye Lucifer yellow and KCl solution. The(More)
A strategy has been developed to identify and quantify the different neurochemical populations of myenteric neurons in the guinea-pig ileum using double-labelling fluorescence immunohistochemistry of whole-mount preparations. First, six histochemical markers were used to identify exclusive, non-overlapping populations of nerve cell bodies. They included(More)
The sites of action of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were examined in preparations of the distal colon and ileum of guinea pigs. GABA caused transient relaxations of the longitudinal and circular muscle of the colon and transient contractions followed by relaxation of the muscle of the ileum. The responses of both parts of the intestine were antagonized by(More)
Retrograde transport of the carbocyanine dye DiI from the deep muscular plexus of guinea pig small intestine was carried out in organotypic culture to identify circular muscle motor neurones. Seventy-four % of DiI labelled neurones were located within 4 rows of myenteric ganglia oral or anal to the application site. Some motor neurones had axons extending(More)