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1. The macroscopic and single channel gating characteristics of connexin (Cx) 50 gap junction channels between pairs of N2A neuroblastoma cells transfected with mouse Cx50 DNA were investigated using the dual whole-cell voltage clamp technique. 2. The macroscopic junctional current (Ij) of Cx50-transfected cells decayed exponentially with time in response(More)
Chromium, like many transition metal elements, is essential to life at low concentrations yet toxic to many systems at higher concentrations. In addition to the overt symptoms of acute chromium toxicity, delayed manifestations of chromium exposure become apparent by subsequent increases in the incidence of various human cancers. Chromium is widely used in(More)
Carcinogenic chromium (VI) compounds are persistent environmental contaminants with potential for human exposure through drinking water. One lesion associated with chromium (VI) exposure is the formation of DNA-protein crosslinks (DPC). In an attempt to develop markers of chromium exposure, the formation of DPC in lymphocytes was investigated. Fisher 344(More)
A strategy has been developed to identify and quantify the different neurochemical populations of myenteric neurons in the guinea-pig ileum using double-labelling fluorescence immunohistochemistry of whole-mount preparations. First, six histochemical markers were used to identify exclusive, non-overlapping populations of nerve cell bodies. They included(More)
  • M Costa
  • 1997
The toxicity and carcinogenicity of hexavalent chromium (Cr) in animal and human models are reviewed. The focus of this review is not on the well-established fact that hexavalent Cr compounds of low and high water solubility can induce respiratory cancers, but rather this review addresses other types of cancers induced by exposure to hexavalent Cr(More)
1. Electrophysiological recordings were made from neurones in the submucous plexus of the guinea-pig small intestine, and these neurones were classified according to their synaptic inputs. 2. The neurones from which recording were made were filled during the recording period with the fluorescent dye, Lucifer Yellow, so they could be re-identified after(More)
The properties of a new fluorescence histochemical method for arylethylamines based on reaction with a mixture of 4% formaldehyde and 0.5% glutaraldehyde in aqueous solution are described. At room temperature the aldehyde mixture produced a well-localized fluorescence reaction in tissues, which, when examined microscopically in aqueous solution, was(More)
Gastrointestinal motility involves interactions between myogenic and neurogenic processes intrinsic to the gut wall. We have compared the presence of propagating myogenic contractions of the isolated colon in four experimental animals (guinea pig, mouse, rabbit, and rat), following blockade of enteric neural activity. Isolated colonic preparations were(More)
Although a number of investigators have examined the uptake of chromium in red blood cells (RBC) or whole blood, little is known about chromium uptake in white blood cells (WBC). Radiolabeled chromium (51Cr) was used to determine chromium uptake and distribution. Isolated RBC and enriched WBC populations were exposed in vitro to potassium chromate (Cr+6)(More)