Marcello Chinali

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and abnormal systolic function are present in a high proportion of children with CKD. This study evaluated changes in left ventricular (LV) geometry and systolic function in children with mild to moderate CKD as an ancillary project of the Effect of Strict Blood Pressure Control and ACE Inhibition(More)
BACKGROUND Anorexia nervosa is associated with lower left ventricular mass (LVM) and systolic dysfunction. Whether these abnormalities reflect chronic protein-energy malnutrition or are primarily related to lower cardiac workload is unclear. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to verify whether low LVM in anorexia nervosa is explained by low(More)
BACKGROUND Nutraceuticals (NUTs) are forms of compounds with biological activity and are used to improve health in dosage largely exceeding those obtainable in food. OBJECTIVES To investigate whether addition of NUTs to lifestyle management including diet counseling improves lipid profile and reduces cardiovascular risk and prevalence of metabolic(More)
There might be limitations in identifying concentric left ventricular (LV) geometry by ratio of diastolic posterior wall thickness (WT(p)) to cavity radius, defined as relative wall thickness (RWT(p)). This study has been designed to evaluate age effects on RWT(p). WT(p), mean of septal thickness and WT(p) (WT(m)), and cavity radius were cross-sectionally(More)
Increased left ventricular (LV) mass in children with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) might be adaptive to sustain myocardial performance in the presence of increased loading conditions. It was hypothesized that in children with CRI, LV systolic function is impaired despite increased LV mass (LVM). Standard echocardiograms were obtained in 130 predialysis(More)
AIMS The relationship of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) to incident heart failure (HF) not attributable to myocardial infarction (MI) has not been defined. We assessed whether LVH is an independent predictor of MI-independent HF. METHODS AND RESULTS LVH was assessed by echocardiographic LV mass index (in g/m2.7) and excess of LV mass (eLVM, in % of(More)
OBJECTIVES Type 2 diabetes is accepted as a cause of heart failure, but direct cause-effect evidence independent of incident myocardial infarction (MI), hypertension and other coexisting risk factors is less well studied. We tested the hypothesis that diabetes predisposes to heart failure independently of hypertension and intercurrent MI. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND The force needed to fill the left ventricle (LV) in late diastole (left atrial systolic force [LASF]) is abnormal in diseased hearts. The goal of this study was to determine whether LASF adds to prognostic prediction of other markers of preclinical cardiovascular disease in a population with a high prevalence of hypertension and diabetes. (More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that abnormalities in regional systolic strain (epsilon) might be present among hypertensive subjects with normal ejection fraction, and, if present, could be used to identify patients at high risk for heart failure. The aim of the current case-control study was to use speckle tracking imaging to identify subclinical global and(More)
The metabolic syndrome (MS) is linked to cardiovascular risk. Recently, the Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III provided new criteria for the definition of the MS. We analyzed the impact of the MS on cardiac structure and function and the independent association of the 5 different components of the ATP III-defined MS with cardiac markers of preclinical disease.(More)