Marcello Chinali

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OBJECTIVE This study analyzed which definition of the metabolic syndrome is more predictive of cardiovascular events in both diabetic and nondiabetic members of a population-based sample. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A 10-year, longitudinal follow-up of the Strong Heart Study cohort has been evaluated. The analysis included 3,945 participants (2,384(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is identified by left ventricular mass (LVM) normalized by body surface area (BSA) or height (in meters) also raised to allometric powers. The presence of LVH detected by these indices predicts increased cardiovascular (CV) events. Whether different indexations of LVH differ in their ability to predict excess(More)
BACKGROUND The left atrium is a validated marker of clinical and subclinical cardiovascular disease. Left atrial enlargement is often seen among older individuals; however, there are few population-based data regarding normal left atrial size among older persons, especially from those who are healthy, and from women. Furthermore, because the left atrium is(More)
AIMS The relationship of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) to incident heart failure (HF) not attributable to myocardial infarction (MI) has not been defined. We assessed whether LVH is an independent predictor of MI-independent HF. METHODS AND RESULTS LVH was assessed by echocardiographic LV mass index (in g/m2.7) and excess of LV mass (eLVM, in % of(More)
BACKGROUND The force needed to fill the left ventricle (LV) in late diastole (left atrial systolic force [LASF]) is abnormal in diseased hearts. The goal of this study was to determine whether LASF adds to prognostic prediction of other markers of preclinical cardiovascular disease in a population with a high prevalence of hypertension and diabetes. (More)
AIMS We tested the hypothesis that abnormal left ventricular (LV) relaxation is associated with concentric LV geometry. METHODS AND RESULTS Doppler LV filling properties were studied in 1384 hypertensive participants without cardiovascular disease, from the HyperGEN population (731 women, 784 obese, 236 diabetic) and compared in four LV geometry groups;(More)
BACKGROUND It has been recognized that "cross-talk" occurs between coronary flow and left ventricular (LV) function. This study tested the hypothesis that impairment of coronary flow reserve (CFR) in arterial hypertension is associated with LV systolic and diastolic dysfunction, independent of abnormalities in LV geometry. METHODS We studied 59 newly(More)
OBJECTIVE Incidence of type 2 diabetes might be associated with preexisting hypertension. There is no information on whether incident diabetes is predicted by blood pressure control. We evaluated the hazard of diabetes in relation to blood pressure control in treated hypertensive patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Nondiabetic, otherwise healthy,(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate whether diabetes (DM) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) were associated with early alterations in left ventricular geometry and function in a large population of adolescents and young adults independently of major confounders. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We analyzed echocardiographic data of 1,624 14- to(More)
Left ventricular (LV) mass (LVM) is the most important information requested in hypertensive patients referred for echocardiography. However, LV function also predicts cardiovascular (CV) risk independent of LVM. There is no evidence that addition of LV function significantly improves model prediction of CV risk compared with LVM alone. Thus, composite(More)