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Exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS) on cellular membranes and membrane-derived microvesicles stimulates a number of anti-inflammatory responses involved in malignant processes. Herein we show that B16F10 cells, a highly metastatic melanoma cell line, produce large quantities of PS-containing microvesicles in vitro. Tumor microvesicles increased TGF-beta(1)(More)
Apoptosis and/or programmed cell death have been described in examples ranging from fungi to man as gene-regulated processes with roles in cell and tissue physiopathology. These processes require the operation of an intercellular communicating network able to deliver alternative signals for cells with different fates and is thus considered a prerogative of(More)
Signaling through exposed phosphatidylserine (PS) is fundamental for the TGFbeta1-dependent, noninflammatory phagocytosis of apoptotic cells. This same mechanism operates in the internalization of amastigotes of Leishmania (L) amazonensis (L(L)a) in a process quoted as apoptotic mimicry. Now we show that the host modulates PS exposure by the amastigotes(More)
We report here the isolation of a novel, highly tissue-restricted member of the ets transcription factor/oncogene family, ESE-1 (for epithelium-specific Ets), which has features distinct from those of any other ets-related factor. ESE-1 contains two putative DNA binding domains: an ETS domain, which is unique in that the 5' half shows relatively weak(More)
We recently isolated a novel member of the Ets transcription factor/oncogene family, ESE-1/ESX/ELF3, with features distinct from any other Ets-related factor. ELF3 is the prototype of a new subclass of Ets factors, contains two DNA-binding domains, and, in contrast to any known Ets factor, is expressed exclusively in epithelial cells. ELF3 expression is(More)
Serum amyloid P protein (SAP), which shares several structural properties with C-reactive protein, has been recently identified as an acute-phase reactant in mice. In this study, the systemic inflammatory response of mice to infection with Trypanosoma cruzi was characterized with respect to induction of SAP as well as to stage-specific alterations on(More)
Characterization of infective metacyclic promastigotes of Leishmania spp can be an essential step in several experimental protocols. Metacyclic forms of all Leishmania species display a typical morphology with short, narrow cell body, and an elongated flagellum. This feature suggests that metacyclics can be distinguished from procyclic forms by(More)
A large fraction of transcripts are expressed antisense to introns of known genes in the human genome. Here we show the construction and use of a cDNA microarray platform enriched in intronic transcripts to assess their biological relevance in pathological conditions. To validate the approach, prostate cancer was used as a model, and 27 patient tumor(More)
The genetic control of the murine T cell proliferative response to insulin was examined. It was found for two responder strains of mice that each recognizes a different determinant on the insulin molecule. H-2b mice recognize a determinant in the A chain loop of insulin whereas H-2d mice recognize a determinant that resides in the B chain, possibly in the(More)