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Signaling through exposed phosphatidylserine (PS) is fundamental for the TGFbeta1-dependent, noninflammatory phagocytosis of apoptotic cells. This same mechanism operates in the internalization of amastigotes of Leishmania (L) amazonensis (L(L)a) in a process quoted as apoptotic mimicry. Now we show that the host modulates PS exposure by the amastigotes(More)
Exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS) on cellular membranes and membrane-derived microvesicles stimulates a number of anti-inflammatory responses involved in malignant processes. Herein we show that B16F10 cells, a highly metastatic melanoma cell line, produce large quantities of PS-containing microvesicles in vitro. Tumor microvesicles increased TGF-beta(1)(More)
A large fraction of transcripts are expressed antisense to introns of known genes in the human genome. Here we show the construction and use of a cDNA microarray platform enriched in intronic transcripts to assess their biological relevance in pathological conditions. To validate the approach, prostate cancer was used as a model, and 27 patient tumor(More)
Different death-styles have been described in unicellular organisms. In most cases they evolve with phenotypic features similar to apoptotic death of animal cells, such as phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure, oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation, and loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential, hinting that similar mechanisms operate in both situations.(More)
Apoptosis and/or programmed cell death have been described in examples ranging from fungi to man as gene-regulated processes with roles in cell and tissue physiopathology. These processes require the operation of an intercellular communicating network able to deliver alternative signals for cells with different fates and is thus considered a prerogative of(More)
Programmed cell death by apoptosis of unnecessary or potentially harmful cells is clearly beneficial to multicellular organisms. Proper functioning of such a program demands that the removal of dying cells proceed without an inflammatory reaction. Phosphatidylserine (PS) is one of the ligands displayed by apoptotic cells that participates in their(More)
Cell death by apoptosis is characterized by specific biochemical changes, including the exposure of multiple ligands, expected to tag the dying cell for prompt recognition by phagocytes. In non-pathological conditions, an efficient clearance is assured by the redundant interaction between apoptotic cell ligands and multiple receptor molecules present on the(More)
It has generally been assumed that apoptosis and other forms of programmed cell death evolved to regulate growth and development in multicellular organisms. However, recent work has shown that some parasitic protozoa have evolved a cell suicide pathway analogous to the process described as apoptosis in metazoa. In this review, Susan Welburn, Marcello(More)
BACKGROUND PBSC transplant provides 10 times more T cells than BMT However, the incidence and severity of acute GvHD is similar among recipients of both types of transplants. Studies in mouse models suggest that the similar clinical outcome in BMT and PBSCT is due to differences in the lymphokine profiles. METHODS PBMC, PBMC from G-CSF mobilized donors(More)
Anti-heart T-cell activity was evaluated by a lymph node cell proliferative assay in isogenic strains of mice immunized with several Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigote and trypomastigote antigenic preparations. In addition, chronically infected animals were boosted with trypomastigote antigens and their lymph node cells were tested by in vitro proliferative(More)